... change soon, given the worrisome communication recently issued by the Georgian authorities?
Minsk-Moscow, a tormented friendship
To begin with, until 2020, the Belarusian authorities have tried to establish themselves between the West, especially the European Union (EU), and Russia for peculiar reasons. While in 2021 we picture Belarus backed by the Kremlin, Minsk being the strongest ally of Moscow in the Baltic region, this was not always the case and several attempts have been made by Lukashenko ...
- 20.01.2022 18:22:00
I grew up in the transatlantic liberal democracy of Germany and know about the other historical paths of German history which wanted to make an alliance with Russia, be it the Black Reichswehr, be it Rapallo, be it the Eurasian axis of Sun Yatsen, be it the Hitler-Stalin Pact and the neutral Germany which was wavering between the blocs and never found its place, wanted to find its „place at the sun“ under Emperor Wilhelm 2 or Lebensraum in the East under Adolf Hitler. Konrad Adenauer made the right...
- 07.07.2020 21:47:20
Coming from Poland equipped me with good understanding of communism, not only at the educational level, but also in personal capacity, as both parts of my diverse family have first-hand experience when it comes to the errors and horrors of communism. Born to a Polish mother, whose family was subject to communist oppression and stigamitzation due to the non-proletarian status held within the society, and Tanzanian father, who was told in his former homeland, by my later mentor Lord Howe, how Africans...
- 06.04.2020 11:33:29
After the Russian Council published ideas about a German-Chinese axis which should be transformed in a Eurasian triangle with Russia, Andrej Kortunow, director of the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) gave an interview outlining the potentials for an cooperation and coordination between the EU and Russia. The interview is available here.
I think Kortunov’s contribution is a much more realistic approach than speculations about an German-Chinese axis or an Eurasian triangle. Also the distinction...
- 02.10.2019 10:16:57
... the individual EU Member States, their current problems and challenges and the associated expectations with regard to the EU elections.In Sweden, for example, the conservatives’ approach is becoming more and more popular: Sweden does stand by the European Union, but is cautious about its further development. The competences, especially of the Commission, should not be extended and further cuts in national sovereignty should be treated with utmost caution.In Poland, on the other hand, the elections ...
- 26.05.2019 23:06:58
If it is true the European Union has experienced the greatest and longest peace of its history since the post-war period, sometimes the questions of closeness make the relationships problematic and create opportunities and opportunities to shake the tablecloths full of ...
- 20.05.2019 15:12:51
Brexit is a calamity. For the Irish border, Brexit is a travesty. Brexit creates uncertainty about the continued peace in the north of Ireland. For the Republic of Ireland, Brexit also means complications for trade, not only with Northern Ireland but also with the Republic of Ireland’s largest market and trading partner, the island of Britain. However, Brexit also opens chances for Ireland.Source: author The Republic of Ireland and the EU should work together to maximize Ireland’s advantage I have...
- 04.04.2019 16:14:31
... sophistication of the threat and the strategic relevance of the targets to which it is addressed, and about the commitments undertaken by Italy on an international level. Furthermore, the application of the General Data Protection Regulation, decreed by the European Union and applied starting from 25 May 2018, directs the country towards legal certainty, harmonization in EU and greater simplicity of the rules concerning the transfer of personal data from the EU to other parts of the world. However, in the ...
- 03.04.2019 14:37:04
... Global Village of the digitalized world supposedly creates a civil society of individuals, but definitely not a community and a common economy. This is explosive for civil societies organised in constitutional states. Why will this hit the EU hard? The European Union has become stuck in its development into a "European community" and a "European national economy". At the same time, we can observe a partial dissolution of the original communities in some of the member states. This ...
- 19.02.2019 00:38:46
... drowning in the abyss of power struggle between various political fractions, leaving Kaliningrad without any strategy. Europe on the other hand, was of rather limited support too, but for different reasons. The unification of Germany, and the birth of the European Union (EU) captured hearts and minds of the Europeans, biding nations of Europe unprecedentedly new level of economic prosperity and regional integration. This huge project left very little (if any) place for tiny Kaliningrad drowning in its ...
- 06.02.2018 19:03:09
In January 2017, the European Union (EU) imposed anti-dumping (AD) duties on Chinese steel imports. Two months later, the United States accused the EU of dumping steel on the American market. As karma catches up with Europe, the EU fears receiving the same kind of response ...
- 03.07.2017 17:30:43
The European Union (EU) has been active is Central Asia since the breakup of the Soviet Union twenty-five years ago. Despite its geographical remoteness, the EU has shown growing interest in the region and has launched several bilateral and multilateral initiatives ...
- 02.07.2017 16:47:52
The establishment of the Strategic Partnership between Russia and the EU back in 1994 was perceived as a huge step in their bilateral relationship. In the early 2000s it even seemed to move forward: in 2003 four EU-Russia ‘common spaces’ were formulated at a summit in Saint Petersburg as Moscow and Brussels agreed to cooperate on the economic issues, freedom, security and justice, external security as well as research and education. However, today, more than twenty years after the initiation of the...
- 23.04.2017 23:07:50
As European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker admitted in his annual speech to Members of the European Parliament, the European Union is going through an internal existential crisis, caused by the accumulation of several problems, with Brexit being the straw that broke the camel’s back. This situation leaves the Western Balkan states who want to join the EU, particularly ...
- 20.10.2016 23:45:00
In May 2014, in the aftermath of Russia-Ukrainian crisis, the European Commission adopted European Energy Security Strategy, establishing two pillars of European security of supply: prevention and mitigation. The main goal was to prevent gas supply disruptions by implementing “gas stress tests” (modelled by ENTSOG) and to foster solidarity (Regulation 994/2010) between European member states regarding redistribution of storage capacity under Emergency plan. According to CEER, LNG could...
- 09.10.2016 21:21:00
Today, Russia remains the second largest gas producer after the US. However, its leverage ability is being challenged by the slowdown of world economy (stemming from 2008 crisis and decreasing growth of the Chinese economy,in particular), political turmoil (Ukrainian crisis) “appearance of illegal and cheap oil” on the market (eg. ISIS’ expansion), as well as the overall strive to develop new energy sources in the view of global warming. That being said, a plummeted oil price (going...
- 09.10.2016 20:58:00
Russia dearly wants good relations with Europe and does not want the EU to collapse. Some members of the European Union regard Russia as an enemy, most notably, Poland the the Baltic states. Others don’t regard Russia as an enemy. Attitudes towards Russia amongst other EU members span a broad spectrum, some are more positively inclined towards Russia,...
- 25.09.2016 03:25:00
... (University of Groningen) p. 16.
Feklyunina, V. Russia’s International Images and its Energy Policy. An Unreliable Supplier? EUROPE-ASIA STUDIES, Vol. 64, No. 3, May 2012, 449–469.
Geden, O., Marcelis, C. & Maurer, A. (2006) Perspectives for the European Union’s external energy
policy: discourse, ideas and interests in Germany, the UK, Poland and France (Berlin: Stiftung
Wissenschaft und Politik), p. 16.
Neuman, Mark. EU–Russian Energy Relations after the 2004/2007 EU ...
- 04.07.2016 12:07:00
... freedom of travel as a milestone achievement of contemporary Russia. However, our western partners keep denying Russian citizens who reside in Crimea their right to apply to their respective embassies for visas. Does either the United States or the European Union bear a grudge against these people? Are they in any way guilty because they chose to live in Russia, not in Ukraine? One can at least try to name a few reasons to impose sanctions against state officials, but how can the travel ban slapped ...
- 08.06.2016 11:24:00
Many analysts and politicians consider the current political crisis between Russia and the European Union as part of a long-term negative trend that will lead to a further decrease in cooperation between the two parties. In reality, the current crisis is rather a temporary one that mostly concerns the state of relations between Moscow and Brussels,...
- 06.06.2016 12:08:00