Search: Syria,Turkey (80 materials)


Russia’s Approach to Cross-Border Aid Delivery to Syria

... unchanged since the adoption of the UNSC res. 2585 on July 9, 2021. In this context, Russia cannot agree with the comments on “the obvious progress” in cross-line aid deliveries, when the situation has hardly improved. Kirill Semenov Finishing the Job: Turkey Preparing For Military Operation in Syria Russia’s main concerns about CBM and prolongation of UNSC res. 2585 To wrap up all mentioned above, Russia’s main concerns about the CBM and its prolongation revolve around six main arguments. 1. There is next to none projects of early recovery ...


Finishing the Job: Turkey Preparing For Military Operation in Syria

... memorandum (and with the Pence-Erdogan deal) as the cause for a new operation. The same holds true for there being no progress in withdrawing SDF-affiliated People’s Defense Units (YPG) from Tell Rifaat, Manbij, and the 30-kilometer area along the TurkeySyria border in the country’s northeast. Moscow should parry such Turkish claims with a demand concerning implementation of the provisions of the additional protocol to the Memorandum on Idlib that stipulates unblocking M4 route through the de-escalation ...


Moscow’s Caucasian Conundrum: Turkish-Russian Relations and the Limits of “Strategic Competition”

... First World War. It demonstrated how easily a complex conflict like the Syrian war could drift into a “nuclear war by accident.” For months afterwards, Russo-Turkish relations continued to bubble with antagonism. Russian overtures to the Kurds of Turkey and Syria were met by Turkish overtures toward the Crimean Tatars and support for Azerbaijan in its Four-Day War over Nagorno-Karabakh. However, Moscow and Ankara managed to move beyond the animosity and toward rapprochement, a process that intensified ...


The Turkey-Russia Relationship: Why “Compartmentalization” and Not Conflict?

.... Turkey has signed an agreement with the GNA in 2019 demarcating exclusive economic zones (EEZ) off Libya’s coast. In addition to this agreement, Turkey is also negotiating with the GNA on establishing two naval bases within the Libyan territory. Syria Turkey and Russia have repeatedly clashed in Syria, and it remains a particularly volatile conflict that has the potential to damage the Turkish-Russian cooperation as evidenced by the fallout following the 2015 fighter jet incident. Turkey is a staunch ...


Syria: Rules-Based International Order Creates Humanitarian Rule, Not Law?

... province is about 4 million people). In this regard, Guterres called for a one-year extension of cross-border operations. Ankara, Washington and a number of Western countries need to extend the mechanism of cross-border operations in Idlib through Turkey. Syria itself, as well as the states supporting it, including Russia, believe that all the necessary humanitarian aid can proceed through interaction with the de jure Syrian government in Damascus. The main task for Damascus, on the one hand, and healthy ...


Russia’s “Ummah Pivot”: Opportunities & Narrative Engagement

... as a result of lackluster efforts in this respect. When it comes to Syria, Russia must begin floating pragmatic compromise solutions to provoke wider discussion about them in order to discover whether they are acceptable for all stakeholders. As for Turkey, Russia did indeed unofficially legitimize its sphere of influence in Syria, but should begin talking more about how destabilizing it is become and how counterproductive Ankara’s unrealistically recalcitrant stance on compromising on President Assad’s political future is for the peace process. Concerning Iran, Russia ...


The Geostrategic Challenges of Russia’s “Ummah Pivot”

... historical rival have recently begun to regulate their friendly competition in North Africa, the Levant, and the South Caucasus in a responsible fashion. Differences still exist, some of them potentially serious, but they seem manageable for the time being. Turkey’s interests in Syria are related to institutionalizing its sphere of influence there through some form of Bosnian-like broad devolution of power which would give the occupied regions plenty of political autonomy. That is unacceptable to Damascus, at least for now, but ...


First Aid: How Russia and the West Can Help Syrians in Idlib

... Turkey, and will increase the prospect of Western confrontation with Russia and the Syrian regime. Importantly, this proposal could also create space for wider political talks on Idlib’s fate. It could lead to a renewed track between Russia, the US, Turkey and Europeans to address the province’s fate in a way that accounts for Syria’s territorial integrity and state sovereignty on the one hand and the needs and security of the local population on the other hand. After ten years of devastating conflict, a humanitarian compromise in Idlib will not represent a huge victory. ...


Syria: In the Middle of a Long Cycle

... to design any exit strategy over the five years of its immediate involvement in the Syrian conflict. The degree of Russia’s influence on the Damascus regime is also an open question. Is the dog wagging the tail or is the tail wagging the dog? Could Turkey be the principal beneficiary? Establishing buffer zones in Idlib and in Syria’s northern provinces is Erdogan’s unquestionable achievement. Yet to what degree is Ankara really in control of the situation in Idlib? This continuously festering abscess, right on Turkey’s border, could burst any moment and spill its contents ...


Three Ways Working With Russia Can Make the Middle East Safer

... region). And yet, Turkey is an unreliable partner to both. Turkey’s foreign policy works by constantly playing Russia and the US off against one another, which allows it to conduct aggressive international manoeuvres and escape punishment for them. Turkey’s repeated violations of Syria’s sovereignty, its military intervention in Libya as well as its logistical support of Azerbaijan’s operation in Nagorno-Karabakh serve as prime examples of the effectiveness of this strategy. However, said strategy undermines both US and Russian ...


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  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
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    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
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    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
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