Search: United Nations (10 materials)

Bosnia & Herzegovina: Is the Current System Viable?

... and negative population growth. According to the 1991 census, the country had a population of around 4,380,000 people, whereas the official census of 2013 showed that this number decreased to 3,530,000 (Westminster Foundation for Democracy 2020). The United Nations estimates that the country has a population of 3,301,000 as of 2019. State Capture Alongside with the inherent weaknesses of the BiH constitution, the country has witnessed state capture, with its roots lying in the Dayton Accords, as the ...


Can A New Life for the UN Start at 75?

A true reform of the UN cannot start in New York; it should start in national capitals of member states Blowing out 75 candles is great exercise for the lungs. The United Nations turned 75 this year. It is a remarkable accomplishment in itself. The League of Nations, which preceded the UN, survived for two decades only. Still, can we cheerfully say at this jubilee (and with every passing year), is the body's ambition ...


The Validity of the Term "State" in a De Facto Context

... most open to interpretation. Whilst there are many (and often well grounded) accusations that unrecognised states are simply vassals of external powers this is not a phenomenon unique to unrecognised entities. Many recognised states with a seat in the United Nations forfeit numerous traditional sovereign attributes willingly (for example the legislative power granted by Monaco to France) yet are not deemed to have surrendered their independence. In addition, whilst unrecognised states undoubtedly struggle ...


Responsibility to Protect and Syria

"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly." (MLK) The international community strongly denounced the violence in Syria but so far it hasn’t been able to provide an effective framework to prevent and stop these atrocities. The responsibility to protect (R2P) doctrine - adopted in 2005 to embody the promises made by world leaders...


Six Criteria for Military Intervention: Right Authority

... intervention, which defines who has the right to authorize military intervention. Criterion 6: Right authority It is rather important to ensure that a military intervention is legitimate and has broad support from the international community. The United Nations Security Council is the only international body that should represent the world’s voice and make decisions with binding force. But the politicization of the Security Council sometimes prevents it from making just decisions that could ...


Six Criteria for Military Intervention: Proportional Means and Reasonable Prospect

In this entry I explore fourth and fifth criteria for military intervention, which are to determine whether the international community can supply adequate means and whether the intervention can bring more good than harm. 4 and 5 Criteria: Proportional means and reasonable prospect Proportional means and reasonable prospect are intertwined ideas that can be looked at together. Reasonable prospect means that after intervention the situation in the country must be better than if the intervention...


Six Criteria for Military Intervention: Just Cause and Right Intention

... and are not likely to give up on their interests easily. To be continued... [1] U.N. Security Council, 3368th meeting.Resolution 912 (S/RES/912). 21 April 1994. [2] U.N. Security Council. Report of the Independent Inquiry into the actions of the United Nations during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda (S/1999/1257).16 December 1999. [3] U.N. Security Council. 6498 th meeting. Resolution 1973 (S/RES/1973). 17 March 2011. [4] U.N. Refugee Agency. Syria Regional Refugee Response.


Six Criteria for Military Intervention: Last Resort

In my previous blog entry I talked about the politicized and selective approaches of UN Member States to making decision on intervention into intra-state conflicts. So, what could be the solution to this problem? What is needed to minimize the politicization? Clear criteria for military intervention should be defined in international law, so that when an intra-state conflict erupts, the international community, having timely assessed the conflict on the ground, could run through a checklist of those...


Politicization of the United Nations: the Human Cost

The goal of “saving succeeding generations from the scourge of war” professed by the international community in the United Nations Charter quite often collides with the real resources and risks that UN Member States are willing to commit to achieve it. The horrifying levels of human suffering experienced in Somalia, Rwanda and now Syria are just some of examples of ...


Russia’s Reasons for UN Veto

For the third time since the beginning of the bloody crisis in Syria, UN Security Council failed to adopt resolution on Syria. Security Council seems not to be able to perform its main duty – a duty to restore international peace and security, a duty to protect Syrian people from ongoing violence. The blame for continuing bloodshed is almost unanimously put on Russia… and China. Well, Russia is apparently condemned the most, China just gets mentions as a second partner in the obstructive...


Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
For business
For researchers
For students