Search: USSR,Russia (46 materials)


Mikhail Gorbachev. A Game that Wasn’t Saved and Had No Cheat Codes

... had slowly been brewing for several decades and finally fermented by the mid-1980s. The beginnings of a market economy and democracy gave the corrupt elites a chance to privatize their power and privileges. They became the main beneficiaries of the USSR’s disintegration. Gorbachev happened to be at the worst crossroads of challenges and threats in the process of historical change in Russia. Unlike Tsar Nicholas II, who was afraid of political reform, who clung to old ways and was estranged from people, and who became entangled in unfortunate wars, Gorbachev initiated reforms himself and was unprecedentedly close to the people. He ...


Untying the Ukrainian Knot: The Continental Union Project

... “Order”. These decisions include forcing Russia to start hostilities, promote Russia to continue them, and delay the operation as much as possible by shipping military supplies to Ukraine (to have Russia bleed out). 2 . Listed as a foreign agent in Russia. 3 . Gradually after the end of the "Red Terror" in the USSR, a system of political censorship was established. This continued, however, by other methods - an earlier started business. Some of its tasks included preliminary and subsequent control over all types of printed and broadcasting works; control over ...


What Is a Sovereign State?

... time, practically all the countries of the Middle East and North Africa, the former possessions of the Austrian, German and Russian empires in Eastern Europe and the Balkans, arose. The only exception was Iran, which has maintained its tradition of statehood ... ... decades and, after the Second World War, actually lost their sovereignty in favour of one of the superpowers — mainly the USSR. The second wave of sovereignty is associated with the collapse of the world colonial empires, whose metropolises are located ...


Kissinger and the Fight for Russia

... United States to the forefront, which made it possible to make politics truly global. As a result of the self-destruction of the USSR, this order turned out to be short-lived. We see now that this was a great tragedy, since it led to the disappearance of ... ... objective process of the growth in the importance of China and, following it, other large Asian countries. The determination Russia has shown in recent years, and especially months, is also associated with global changes. The fact that Moscow so purposefully ...


Moscow’s Painful Adjustment to the Post-Soviet Space

... East, and Turkey in the South. In this competition Moscow was gradually losing ground, which contributed to growing sentiments of isolation and insecurity. What are the main tools that Moscow used to promote its influence in the territory of the former USSR over the last three decades? First, Russia positioned itself as the main (and even the only) guarantor of national security of the post-Soviet states. The attitude toward attempts of any external players to expand their military or political influence in this territory, including proposals ...


Neighbours and Crises: New Challenges for Russia

In a few decades, or sooner, Moscow will have to take on an even greater responsibility, which Russia got rid of in 1991 It is unlikely that Moscow would simply observe the processes taking place on its immediate periphery. The real challenge may be that in a few decades, or sooner, Moscow will have to take on an even greater responsibility, ...


Space Without Borders: Russia and Its Neighbours

Russia’s policy towards is neighbours is based on three factors: the traditional power component, the existence of a common geopolitical space, and a common history Russia’s policy towards is neighbours is based on three factors: the traditional ...


The Nuclear Triad: Alternatives from the Days Gone By

... entered service. Referring to the periods before and after, we will be talking about “creative endeavors” of the Navy and the Air Forces, the two principal operators of strategic nuclear weapons both in the United States and the Soviet Union—the USSR, though, also had a separate service branch known as Strategic Missile Forces (the RVSN in Russian). This brings us to the brief observation that the Army (i.e., the land forces) was sidelined from any strategic missions in both countries, only receiving plenty of tactical WMDs. We also have to mention Project Iceworm, impressive in its scale,...


A ‘New Cold War’ has already started, but Russia & China are winning against a ‘weakening’ West, says former Kremlin adviser

... the Soviet Union that don’t apply to Russia, such as what he described as Moscow’s need to feed half of the world despite local food shortages, as a benefit in its current situation. He sees the lack of dependent client states as an advantage in Russia's current situation. “Georgia received the most money per capita in the USSR, and Ukraine received the most money in absolute terms,” he explained. “It is no coincidence that, with the loss of these subsidies, all of them became dramatically poorer.” When it comes to China, Karaganov dubs the relationship a “semi-alliance,...


Ukraine’s Chance for Rational Behaviour

... from Ukraine, along with Russians, occupied leading positions in other Soviet republics. Such historical experience significantly limits the ability of Ukrainian citizens to adequately assess their place on the map and in the balance of power next to Russia. Now, 30 years after the disappearance of the USSR, all newly independent states, without exception, are at a stage when their behaviour towards Russia must become responsible, corresponding to real sovereignty. This, as we can see, is hindered by historical experience. In some cases, it manifests ...


Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
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