Search: Russia,USSR (36 materials)


Updating the USSR: A Test for Freedom

... empires or urban civilizations of past centuries. The Baltic republics were always on the sidelines — their independent statehood arose during the collapse of the Russian Empire and existed as such for almost 20 years before being incorporated into the USSR in 1940. Russia has returned to its historical state of being a major European power or empire of the 19th century, with the development of a multinational and multi-faith society central to its development objectives. In fact, Russia has not lost anything really ...


Four Myths About Russia

In the past couple of years, Russia has been thrust into the American political spotlight like never before, earning itself both a reputation and mythology that posits Russia as the ultimate James Bond villain. At the heart of this mythology are misconceptions about Russia's aims,...


Russia and China in the Arctic: Cooperation, Competition, and Consequences

... was through the Arctic port of Arkhangelsk, since the Czardom of Muscovy lacked free access to the Baltic and the Black Sea. Russian polar surveys and expeditions have been conducted since the eighteenth century. Development of the Arctic was particularly ... ... staked a claim to an enormous chunk of the Arctic: 6.8 million square kilometers of sea, declaring it the polar territory of the USSR. As a result, the territory of the Soviet Union grew from the furthermost continental points on the Kola and Chukotka peninsulas ...


Antarctica: 200 Years of Peace

... I wouldn’t be leaving Chile but would only be travelling to Chile’s Antarctic sector. Why didn’t the Soviet Union try to get a sector? Sergey Lavrov: Nobody tried to get any sectors. Antarctica, which was discovered 200 years ago by the first Russian expedition of Faddey Bellinsgauzen and Mikhail Lazarev, is a continent where international relations, as it was decided after long disputes, are guided by the Antarctic Treaty signed 60 years ago. The 1959 Antarctic Treaty sets out the principles ...


Russia’s Comeback Isn’t Stopping With Syria

Russia is back and here to stay. Others had better accept it and learn to deal with it — without undue expectations, but also without inordinate fear. For many in the West, Russia’s return to the world stage over the past few years has come as ...


The End of the Cold War: 30 Years On

... the effect that the United States and its Western European allies needed to find a way of returning Russia to the fold of the international community. He also admitted as an afterthought that, following the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the USSR, the United States should have found a way to incorporate Russia into NATO. In Baker’s opinion, Russia should have been admitted into the international community, but this did not happen, so the situation is as it is. In continuation of Baker’s thought, I would add, that the United States should have admitted ...


Russia in a Eurasian Triple Entente, with excerpts from Vadim Tsymbursky and Halford Mackinder

... While they may not be able to compromise bilaterally, they may reach consensus with help from a third party. Again, as a ‘face’ issue, neither country will accept a third party as a binding ‘arbitrator’, but as a friend to both China and India, Russia may have a role to play in bringing the two Asian giants together. The USSR was neutral ground for India and Pakistan at talks in Tashkent, at the end of their 1965 war, back when India was weak and still recovering from British occupation. Now, Russia can be neutral ground for Sino-Indian discussions. Neutral ground is ...


Russian re-industrialization dangers – lessons from Japan and USA

... collapse of the Soviet Union. Because of that terrible decade, Russia finds itself once again having to regroup and rebuild, to get back to the position of technological superiority that had reached its peak, ironically, just before the dissolution of the USSR. It is well known that Russia successfully accomplished several cycles of re-industrialization and modernization, going back to the ‘Great Reforms of 1861. After the precipitous drop of the First World War and Civil War came the recovery of the New Economic Policy, followed ...


“We win, they lose” – Wonderful world of Binary categorisations

... no general debate – even within the Soviet Communist Party ranks, there was no popular vote or referendum (if not for the USSR, at least for the RF), nor the Parliament’s decision to endorse it. Just an off-hand decree. After that, only the gazing ... ... an outfoxing Allies than a winning the war. In both of these huge, cross-European, conflicts the main burden was suffered by Russians. Further on, the ultimate victory was decided nowhere else but on the Russian battlefields. What was the return? The ...


Russia’s Way of Being in the World, from Yesterday to Tomorrow

... was at that moment, the capital of a “broad church” or an extended family, ranging from reformists to revolutionaries. It was once again a new Rome. The great historical split between Communists and Social Democrats was being healed and within the USSR and in every nation of the so-called “Eastern bloc,” suppressed currents of the Soviet heritage were rehabilitated and resurfacing, e.g. Bukharin. There was a new path possible for Russia and the world, through a renovated and reunited Left or a new Center-Left. The old Popular Front could be revised and extended. It was Russia that was the most exciting place and had attracted the most attention in the world at that time. But it ...


Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
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