Kiyan, Olga. “Establishing cybersecurity norms in the United Nations: The role of U.S.-Russia divergence.” Harvard International Review. Published November 26, 2021.
National Bureau of Asian Research. “Submarine cables.” Accessed February 8, 2022.
Office of the Press Secretary. “Presidential Policy Directive - Critical infrastructure security ...
The joint U.S.–Russia draft resolution on international information security is a new milestone on the path towards establishing an international regime for information security
The first committee of the 76
session of the UN General Assembly has adopted a draft ...
... organization’s five administrative world regions. In 1998/1999, during a time of friendly East-West relations, Russia was a driving force behind putting information and telecommunications security on the UN agenda, which subsequently initiated consultations on cybersecurity issues. Russia maintained its support for “multilateral governance as the system that took into account all countries’ interests, unlike the egoistic unipolar system.” Dr. Budnitsky ultimately casts the Russian multipolar view in a statist light, contrasting ...
Kaspersky is a global company. We have a large staff from different countries and, along with the Russian HQ, we have 33 more offices in more than 30 countries around the world. Research and development is in Russia; however, cybersecurity expertise, research teams and many other functions are located across the globe. We feel this ‘global nature’ even through our everyday tasks. For instance, we are currently working to create game-based cyber capacity training on technical ...
... the applicability of international law to this area, and setting up cooperation mechanisms that countries could use to strengthen national and international security. Even though the relations between the two countries may be at a low ebb, U.S. and Russian diplomats were actively engaged in adopting two important cybersecurity reports this spring: one in March under the auspices of the
(which comprises all UN members) with another in May under the auspices of the GGE (which is made up of experts from 25 nations). The latter
a range of applied recommendations ...
For more information on the EASLG, go to
. As of March 2021, the United States reported 1,357 warheads, Russia 1,456 warheads. Available at:
... ... Presidents, Prime Ministers, Parliamentarians, and Publics,” for a more in-depth discussion of missile defenses (pages 15–17), cybersecurity (pages 24–25), and space (pages 26–27), along with nuclear weapons, prompt-strike forces, and conventional forces....
... Working Group is a positive step forward, in spite of the global trend towards escalating tensions, especially those between Russia, China and the U.S.
We have two negotiating platforms, the GGE and the OEWG. What do you think about such co-existence?... ... accessible on the official UN ODA website. Besides, in cooperation with the OAS, UN ODA and Kenya, ICT4Peace organized a series of cybersecurity policy and diplomacy training workshops for Latin American and African diplomats.
On Friday, March 12, 2021, after ...
... both sides. One such example is the recent
New York Times
on U.S. preparations for a retaliatory attack on Russian networks following the large-scale hack of U.S. government departments and corporations (known as the SolarWinds hack), which Russia is said to have carried out. Cybersecurity remains a sore point in U.S.–China relations as well. Tensions between major powers need to be reduced if we are to see any real progress in multilateral relations on this issue.
The second factor is related to the competition between ...
espionage and eavesdropping operations on Soviet undersea communication cables. Today, both the
, and other capable powers conduct underwater espionage operations.
Next is the information layer, comprised of ... ... that all of the mentioned types of information can be manipulated and adapted as needed for cyber operations.
Cybersecurity and NATO’s Nuclear Capability
The final layer consists of the users who shape the cyberspace experience and its ...
... coerce others? These are the questions addressed in the RAND think tank's recent
Fighting Shadows in the Dark. Understanding and Countering Coercion in Cyberspace
". The authors discuss cyber operations conducted by four states — Russia, China, Iran and North Korea — and try to determine whether those activities amounted to cyber coercion.
Starting with the study findings, we will highlight the following points. Cyber operations intended to coerce are a small subset of overall ...