Search: USSR (33 materials)


Russia’s Changing Identity: In Search of a Role in the 21st Century

..., which remained capitalist. The vanguard of revolution turned into a besieged fortress ruled in a ruthlessly totalitarian way by Joseph Stalin. The fortress withstood and defeated the assault of Nazi Germany. Victory in World War II transformed the USSR into a world superpower, with a powerful nuclear-armed military, vast industry, an impressive technological capacity, and high-quality culture. Moscow commanded the allegiance of dozens of countries and scores of political parties and movements on ...


Hybrid Power and the Real Russian Realists

... “politico-military-diplomatic”, by which they meant an organically integrated, fused, multifaceted, multidimensional, hybrid strategy. It is such a holistic or total strategy that enabled them to wage People’s War as Total War. This of course was the strategy that enabled the USSR to prevail in the Great Patriotic War. As such, I would define hybrid power as the capacity of generating such an organically integrated holistic politico-military-diplomatic strategy and implementing it globally. Igor Okunev: West/Non-West: Funhouse ...


Endgame of the Long Cold War

... military and economic—when taken together, seem to suggest that the goal and objective of the West is to initiate the endgame of the Long Cold War and to win it, imposing a zero-sum outcome. What was thought to be its end with the collapse of the USSR and unilateral retrenchment of Russia, did not amount to the sustainable victory that the West thought it would be. It now appears that a final gamble on the military advantage of the West has inspired a drive that goes beyond ‘containment’ to ...


Education Alliances and Russia’s “Soft Power”

In the past few years the government has increasingly emphasized the need to develop human capital. This area of economic transformation is viewed as one of the most promising ways to accelerate innovation processes and increase labor productivity. In the meantime, the development of human capital can enhance not only the rate of Russia’s domestic economic progress but also the efficiency of its foreign economic policy, including its “soft power” strategy. In the past few years the government...


The House That Built Who?

This year is filled with anniversaries of events that happened in 1989. Back then Europe and the entire world witnessed a change of the sociopolitical paradigm, which soon led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the end of the previous system of international relations. This year is filled with anniversaries of events that happened in 1989. Back then Europe and the entire world witnessed a change of the sociopolitical paradigm, which soon led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union...


NATO is the obstacle to improving Russian-Western relations

One of the distinctive features of the modern Western political narrative with regard to NATO is an almost total misunderstanding of how the alliance is perceived in Russia. First and foremost, the Western political establishment seems blithely unaware of the fact that the issue of NATO is the main stumbling block in Russian-Western relations, and that any detente is impossible while that obstacle remains unresolved. This is the first of a two-part commentary on a Russian perspective of NATO, and...


Disarmament: Utopian Concept or Imperative of the Post-Wilson Era?

... process. The unprecedented horrors of that war reignited the hopes for a lasting peace and disarmament that had first been voiced by Wilson. Unfortunately, those hopes proved futile: the international community split into two opposing camps, led by the USSR and the United States, respectively. And nuclear weapons, which remain the most destructive weapons in the history of humankind, were created and first used. The Cold War ensued, accompanied by an unprecedented nuclear and conventional arms race....


Working Under the Radar: The Stealth Alternative in Russia's Foreign Policy

... Spring undermined the authority of the Soviet Union and its leadership position among the left. In Asia, the Soviet Union ran into a major opponent in the person of Communist China. Mao came up with an alternative interpretation of Marxism, accused the USSR of imperialism and demonstrated a determination to use force. In 1969, the Soviet army defeated Chinese troops on Damansky Island. However, China exposed the ideological unity of the international left on the world arena as ephemeral, and this was ...


1917 Russian Revolution: Changing the Geopolitical Map of the World Revolution Had a Huge Impact on the Events of the Twentieth Century

November 7, 2017 marks the centenary of the October Revolution. The 1917 events had a serious impact not only on Russia's internal situation, but also on international relations — the confrontation between the newly-formed Soviet Union and the countries of the capitalist world was clearly apparent. Along with the end of the World War I and the Versailles Treaty of Peace this process also changed the geopolitical and geographical map of the world. Scientific Director of RAS Institute of World History...


Trump’s administration should formulate a viable strategy for Afghanistan

... From the time when Pakistan emerged as a nation-state, the Army has played a magnificent role in convening the foreign policy objective of the country. Its function revitalized since the cold war between America and the former Soviet Union began and USSR occupied Afghanistan.  Pakistan became the number one strategic ally of America in South Asia.The Pentagon heavily invested on the Pak army pumped billion of dollars; provided the army with the lasted military technology and equipment. Moreover,...


Poll conducted

  1. Korean Peninsula Crisis Has no Military Solution. How Can It Be Solved?
    Demilitarization of the region based on Russia-China "Dual Freeze" proposal  
     36 (35%)
    Restoring multilateral negotiation process without any preliminary conditions  
     27 (26%)
    While the situation benefits Kim Jong-un's and Trump's domestic agenda, there will be no solution  
     22 (21%)
    Armed conflict still cannot be avoided  
     12 (12%)
    Stonger deterrence on behalf of the U.S. through modernization of military infrastructure in the region  
     4 (4%)
    Toughening economic sanctions against North Korea  
     2 (2%)
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