Search: Syria,Islamic State (50 materials)


The Three Phases of Jihadism

... Saudi Arabia, which originally saw it as an obstacle to Iranian success lost faith. It became detrimental to early supporters because it led to an increase in foreign boots on the ground: the 2015 JCPOA agreement allowed Russia to increase presence in Syria and send forces to Khmeimim, and Western presence increased in the campaign to terminate ISIS. How to prevent the next phase Today, ISIS is gone. They have lost all of their territorial strongholds, and the ability to call themselves an “Islamic State.” According to Dr. Kepel, this is the end of Phase Three, the “aufhebung” phase. They have lost their territory, but that does not mean they have lost the hearts and minds of many of their followers. Based on the many jihadists in ...


Russia and Turkey: Approaches to Regional Security in the Middle East

... Ankara. This topic is not only extremely relevant (and will remain so for years to come), but it is also quite voluminous and ambitious. For this reason, the authors propose focusing on the following four main issues: terrorism, nuclear weapons, the Syrian crisis and the security architecture in the Middle East. At the beginning of 2010, Russia and Turkey had different views on the situation in the region. However, a certain degree of political involvement in the affairs of the Middle East and the ...


Revival of the Caliphate: Soon or Even Sooner?

... Arab-Kurdish army, as well as to maintain infrastructural facilities in the east of Syria (which is an obvious violation of international law, just like the rest of the US activities in that country). None of that points to a possible US withdrawal from Syria, previously announced by President Trump. It more likely means quite the opposite: preserving the US military bases, as well as the further reinforcement of the US-supported forces in the region. Joseph Fitsanakis: Islamic State after ISIS. Colonies without Metropole or Cyber Activism? Another issue is the fact that former ISIS militants surrender to the SDF – and Americans are very much likely to be aware of that. They are not put on trial (or the process is ...


Breaking the U.S.-Russia Impasse: Keeping the Door Open to Dialogue

... If a peace settlement can be found — perhaps involving a loose confederation — would it be necessary to deploy a UN peacekeeping force involving different Arab and neutral states? What is the best international means to support the refugees from Syria and other countries? War against the Islamic State Aleksandr Aksenenok: In the Skies over Syria: Rivalry Instead of Coordinated Actions What is the best way to fight the Islamic State? Will the International Coalition be able to forge a common strategy? Are the states involved in the conflict ...


In the Skies over Syria: Rivalry Instead of Coordinated Actions

... and southeast of Syria. It appears that the military operations being carried out by all the parties involved in those regions have entered a new and more dangerous phase. The government forces have consolidated their control over the western parts of Syria, while the Islamic State is under attack from different sides. The focus of the hostilities has shifted to the area of Daraa in the south of the country, close to the border with Jordan and Iraqi. Who will take the territories that are currently being liberated ...


Russia does not let its friends down

... in Moscow was whether Russia would give in. An immediate change of policy was obviously not on the cards since it is not in Putin's nature to make sudden concessions under pressure. But will he gradually and incrementally pull the rug from under the Syrian president? According to Russian experts in Moscow, there are multiple reasons why the Kremlin will not. They range from concerns about future chaos in Syria in the aftermath of regime change to the damage that would be inflicted on Russia's reputation ...


Post-ISIS and Future Jihadist Threats

... Iraq and Syria. Moreover, most authorities own lists of suspects and particular numbers of ISIS militants who have travelled to Syria and Iraq. Additionally, cross-borders and free movement including logistic capacities will be more and more difficult. 5.... ... growing popularity of right-wing organisations and parties in Europe will affect radicalisation of alienated Muslim converts. Islamic State Volunteers Recruitment and return The leading jihadist organisations such as Al Qaeda and ISIS have expressed their ...


Middle East Zugzwang

Despite the fact that Mosul has not been recaptured from the Islamic State, and the announced attack on Syria’s Raqqa has lost some momentum, there is little doubt that the fate of radical Islamists in Syria and Iraq is sealed. This makes the issue of the two countries’ postwar state structure particularly important. Who will take responsibility ...


Anti-government extremist organizations in Syria

... A brief overview of the main groups and their leaders. The authors described extremist organisations on multiple parameters, such as history, social base and numbers, activity region, leaders, ideology, financing, enemies and allies, stance on the Syrian ceasefire. Project page:


Russia’s Syria Campaign: Measuring Costs and Benefits

... Russia about $892 million (58 billion rubles), while UK’s IHS Jane’s think tank estimated it at the level between $2.3–$4 million daily. Russian airliner was downed over the Sinai Peninsula on October 31, 2015 killing all 224 passengers and crew. Islamic State took responsibility for the attack. Many view it as a consequence of the Russia’s air campaign in Syria, hence, adding it to the overall costs of the military involvement in the conflict. Thus, this logic implies that by going into Syria and starting its bombing campaign Russia increased chances to be hit by the terrorist attacks at home and elsewhere....


Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
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