Search: Nuclear weapons,France (5 materials)

Special Warheads and the Special Military Operation

... apocalyptic levels. I would like to specifically emphasize that it does not only mean the case of “Russia is losing to NATO and produces its nuclear big stick,” other nuclear powers also envision, both overtly and covertly , such ways of using nuclear weapons. So far, it is certainly difficult to imagine a situation when, say, France gets involved in the hostilities around Ukraine and suffers horrendous losses, but life is full of surprises. At the same time, given the current available forces and the “conventional deterrence” concept in its various forms, first there ...


Euro-Atlantic Security Leadership Group Supports Joint Statement of the Leaders of the Five Nuclear-Weapon States Affirming: “A Nuclear War Cannot be Won and Must Never be Fought”

... ensuring predictability and reducing the risk of armed conflicts and the threat of nuclear war. It is especially important as new technologies reduce decision time for leaders. Such a principle is also at the core of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) whose Preamble recognizes “the devastation that would be visited upon all mankind by a nuclear war and the consequent need to make every effort to avert the danger of such a war and to take measures to safeguard the security of ...


The CIA Declassified Reports on The French Nuclear Weapons Program (1959)

... U-235 at 3%. According to the CIA, this would make it possible to increase energy production but would not be sufficient to develop military weapons. CIA estimates on France’s first nuclear test In the light of all these elements, the CIA argues that France wanted to acquire nuclear weapons within at least 4-5 years. In order to do so, Paris used the CEA in coordination with the National Defense, with the CIA mentioning the name of Mr. Laurent who heads the Centre d’Études de Bruyere-le-Chatelet near Arpajon: “It has ...


Is France’s Nuclear Shield Big Enough to Cover All of Europe?

... United Kingdom, which continues to reduce its nuclear arsenal unilaterally and where the public sentiment is largely anti-nuclear , France enjoys a greater popular support for nuclear deterrence . Arguably, this is explained by historical reasons. France has always viewed nuclear weapons as a vital instrument for gaining more independence from the United States and as a guarantee that catastrophes the country faced during the First World War and in 1940 will not repeat themselves. In the past, France always took a stand-off ...


Theorising on the Causes of Nuclear Weapons Proliferation

Despite the degree of uniqueness stemming from its particular specifics, each case of nuclear weapons proliferation also exemplifies one or more of the five main determinants of a state’s decision to acquire nuclear weapons that have been identified in the relevant literature: security, domestic politics, norms, technology and economics....


Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
For business
For researchers
For students