Search: Energy (83 materials)


China’s Energy Policy: Flexible, but Unshakeable

China’s flexible energy policy and the US sanctions against Iran and Venezuela In the last few years, China’s energy policy has changed radically owing to both the changed priorities in domestic policy and sharp bifurcations in the international situation. As the ...


Iran’s Oil Sector under Renewed Sanctions: Adopting to the New Reality

... the nuclear deal was struck, two years after most Western economic sanctions had been lifted and before Donald Trump’s May 2018 decision to withdraw from the deal, Iran still lagged behind on its planned economic revitalization and renovation of its energy sector. In fact, Iran failed to significantly increase its oil production, to upgrade its oil and gas infrastructure and to revitalize its economy. A whole set of factors contributed to this, including continued limitations placed on Iran by the ...


"Sanctions and World Energy" Round Table

On June 5, 2019, a round table on “Sanctions and World Energy” was held at Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC). Ivan Timofeev, RIAC Director of Programs, and Adam Stulberg, Director of the Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy (CISTP) in the Sam Nunn School of International ...


New Horizons of the Iran Nuclear Deal

... Pakistan. Now, however, it is difficult to be confident about the reliability of the non-proliferation regime, even though its system of guarantees has been brought up to date by the Additional Protocol . Today, the generation and utilization of nuclear energy is no longer restricted to a small group of countries capable of financing the construction of expensive nuclear facilities. Even though nuclear power plants continue to be extremely costly to build, an increasing number of countries are entertaining ...


Back to “Normalcy”

... compete with Russia pricewise. In November 2018, the U.S. Department of State expressed concern over Europe purchasing Russia’s LNG, believing that it increases Europe’s dependence on Russia and in the final analysis allegedly undercuts Europe’s energy security. Solving its own energy problems in the remote regions of the AZRF, Russia intends to site a floating nuclear power plant (FNPP) in Pevek (Chukotka). Currently, nuclear fuel is being loaded on the FNPP in Murmansk, and in 2019, it will ...


RIAC Partners Discuss Energy Sector of Georgia and Abkhazia

On October 10, 2018, international conference on regional energy security in the Greater Caucasus was held at Savoy Hotel in Moscow. Timur Makhmutov, RIAC Deputy Director of Programs, made welcoming remarks. On October 10, 2018, international conference on regional energy security in the Greater Caucasus was ...


The Fight for Nord Stream 2: The Interests of all the Players Involved

... was soon followed by the refusal of the authorities in that country to go ahead with the Gazprom project to build South Stream on its territory. Even earlier, the U.S. Department of State created the post of United States Special Envoy for Eurasian Energy (in the Caspian region), originally occupied by Clayland Boyden Gray (2008–2009), and then by Richard L. Morningstar (2009–2012). In order to support American gas producers, the U.S. authorities are trying to clear the market of competition ...


Russia and China: Cooperation in a New Era. Results of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and of the Russian Presidential Election

... procedures, thus taking the bilateral trade and economic relations into a new era. The gradual liberalization of trade and investment between the two countries will play an increasingly important role in bilateral economic cooperation. 5. China’s energy requirements are growing, and natural gas imports are in particular demand. At the same time, Russia’s share of the European gas supply market is shrinking. This creates the perfect conditions for China and Russia to step up their cooperation ...


Does Coal Have a Future?

... purposes, and it played a key part in the development of human civilization as a universal fuel for a long time. The future prospects of coal today, however, are uncertain, with most western countries trying to lay the foundations for an emissions-free energy future and thus giving up the fuel. The developing world cannot afford to adopt such a principled position, but will get there sooner or later, gradually replacing coal will other energy sources. Not only does the transition of European thermal ...


Searching for a new foundation for German-Russian relations

... Russia’s elites failed to understand the changing mood in Germany and kept hoping for the continuing “Schröderizaton” of its Russia policy, an approach based on the idea that relations should be guided by big infrastructure projects like Nord Stream, energy and economic cooperation for mutual benefits, and the personal relationship between leaders. Russia’s leaders did not understand that Merkel’s support for sanctions and clear defence of the sovereignty of Ukraine not only reflected her personal ...


Poll conducted

  1. Korean Peninsula Crisis Has no Military Solution. How Can It Be Solved?
    Demilitarization of the region based on Russia-China "Dual Freeze" proposal  
     36 (35%)
    Restoring multilateral negotiation process without any preliminary conditions  
     27 (26%)
    While the situation benefits Kim Jong-un's and Trump's domestic agenda, there will be no solution  
     22 (21%)
    Armed conflict still cannot be avoided  
     12 (12%)
    Stonger deterrence on behalf of the U.S. through modernization of military infrastructure in the region  
     4 (4%)
    Toughening economic sanctions against North Korea  
     2 (2%)
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