Search: Coal (5 materials)

Russia and Turkey: State and Prospects of Energy Cooperation

Working Paper No. 63 Working Paper No. 63 Cooperation in the energy sector is one of the most important facets of Russian foreign policy. Interaction in this area helps to develop mutually beneficial trade relations and ensure the energy security of Russia and its partners. Energy cooperation between Russia and Turkey has been comprehensive and strategic in recent years. This working paper contains an analysis of the current state and prospects of this cooperation. It examines in detail the role...


China’s Energy Crisis

... balance of forces so far as we can tell. The share of thermal power plants (TPPs) in the country’s power generation dropped in 2021, as compared to January–September 2011, from 82.6 per cent to 71.2 per cent, with over 90 per cent of them using coal. Clearly, this sector is still critically dependent on coal supplies. Given the large share of coal TPPs in China’s power generation, coal shortages—whether physical shortages, price hikes or undeveloped logistics channels meant to ensure timely ...


A Renaissance of Fossil Fuels: Consequences of Europe’s Energy Market Panic

... for most developed economies for quite a while now, the only agent of radical change seems to be some serious crisis—something that would push the energy community out of their comfort zone. This time has seemingly come, with prices for natural gas, coal and electricity hitting record highs in Europe over the past few weeks, and analysts from Europe expecting the factors that drive these prices to persist in the coming weeks. Many in European political circles would like to believe it is the Russian ...


Does Coal Have a Future?

The History of Coal as a Fuel and its Prospects in the 21st Century Of all the types of hydrocarbons, coal has been in use the longest. China is known to have extracted coal as early as the 4 th century B.C. Unlike oil, coal has historically been used in everyday ...


Nord Stream 2: Pros and Cons

... inevitably fall in the long term. The 23-per cent drop in gas consumption in 2013–2014 is used as a basis for furthering this argument. The reason for this sharp drop, however, is the revival of one of the most polluting energy sources, namely, coal. Coal became a kind of buffer for a number of countries during the financial crisis. It was thanks to its low price and availability (especially of the particularly environmentally un-friendly lignite variety) that countries such as Germany and the ...


Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
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