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A Step in the Right Direction, But Is It Enough?

... place combating climate change as a more important objective for the Russian government as compared to the past—at least when it comes to the production of non-recyclable plastics. Further, their actions demonstrate incredible faith in the Russian economy, as government officials believe—or at least hope—that businesses will adapt to the new legislation by shifting toward new products and approaches to manufacturing. While the recent decisions by the Russian government will surely have a tangible ...

William Mandelbaum
Опубликовано:
21.06.2021 16:15:50

Part II. The Russian Dilemma: Who is to Blame and What Should Be Done? Path Dependence

... distribution of the tax revenue. In Spain, it was the King’s and his court’s competence, while most of the treasures coming from the colonies were squandered. The centralized political power and bureaucracy that were trying to regulate every aspect of the economy was a cause of Spain’s stagnation and decline in the following centuries. While in the United Kingdom there was a strong sense that the King’s rights had to be limited (e.g., Magna Carta 1215, Bill of Rights 1689 as a result of the Glorious ...

Shedov Yaroslav
Опубликовано:
04.06.2021 15:23:39

Part I. The Russian Dilemma: Who is to Blame and What Should Be Done? Path Dependence

... economist, Angus Maddison. He investigated the key economic indicators of the country: the gross domestic product (GDP), the population, and the GDP per capita. All this information was put into a single table and published in his book “The World Economy: Historical Statistics” (2003) and has been still updating by Groningen Growth and Development Centre, the University of Groningen. Figure 1. The Real GDP per capita of Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and Russia, ($ in 1990 prices) 1885-2006Source: ...

Shedov Yaroslav
Опубликовано:
14.05.2021 15:24:28

China Political Risk Architecture Exposed in South Caucasus

China-Azerbaijan relations after the Second Karabakh War remain in passive mode. More widely, reactionary foreign policy has exposed China’s Belt and Road narrative as both politically and economically thin. As access narratives across crucial chokepoints for China’s Belt and Road intensified in 2020, China’s foreign policy in the South Caucasus remains ill-defined.News.cn While 2020 saw instability across key Belt and Road chokepoints Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan and Belarus China has been exposed as...

Кендердайн Тристан
Опубликовано:
03.03.2021 19:23:59

Egypt Between all Fronts: Covid, MB, IS, the Neo Ottoman Empire, GERD and Israel

... destabilize it. First you have the underground network of the Muslimbrothers which are still agitating and waiting for their next chance and the terrorist activities of the Islamic State on the Sinai Peninsuila. The Covid crisis is hitting the Egypt economy also hard as most countries in the world. Then Erdogan- Turkey is sending troops to Libya which are fighting with the UNO-recognised Muslimbrotherhood goverment GNA against secular General Haftar who is backed by Egypt, Russia, Saudiarabia, the ...

Ostner Ralf
Опубликовано:
08.08.2020 21:16:43

How would Germany and Russia position themselves in the event of a Sino-American war?

One can agree with Carl Schmidt, namely to rethink things for the state of emergency and also to prepare mentally for worst case scenarios. An important question that comes to my mind again and again is how Germany will position itself in the event of a Sino-American war – itself and within the EU, especially since it is quite possible that Rumsfeld polarization will re-establish itself in old and new Europe. So far, this question has only been asked once, namely in an 8-page publication by the German...

Ostner Ralf
Опубликовано:
29.04.2020 11:45:57

Russia’s Energy Strategy to 2035

Russia’s Energy Strategy to 2035 (ES-2035) enters, finally, the home stretch. The Ministry of Energy submitted its version of the document to the Russian Government in early October 2019. Once approved (this is expected before year’s end), ES-2035 will become the best available indication of Russian energy policymakers’ plans. It therefore merits careful consideration. This paper reviews the key goals, scenarios and indicative ranges for output and consumption contained in ES-2035. It thus contributes...

IFRI Блог
Опубликовано:
27.12.2019 13:32:40

30 Years Fall of the Berlin Wall-Time for a New East Policy?

On November 9th was the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. Time to reflect on the development of the last 30 years and why we are on the verge of a new Cold War today. Perhaps Gorbachev made the mistake of not securing his own design for a New Europe at the time. The United States and the United Kingdom got Germany´s NATO membership, France the euro, Gorbachev $ 13 billion for the withdrawal of troops and $ 1.5 billion food aid as the supply situation of the Soviet Union worsened and...

Ostner Ralf
Опубликовано:
22.11.2019 17:31:27

War with China: TX Hammes, CSBA, RAND and CSIS–Thinking through the Unthinkable and rethinking Armaggedon

... of the first island chain and US allies therein, and dominates the air and maritime space outside the island chain. Offshore Control does not strike into China but takes advantage of geography to block China’s exports and thus severely weaken its economy. No operations will penetrate Chinese airspace. Prohibiting penetration is intended to reduce the possibility of nuclear escalation and make conflict termination easier. Denial as an element of the campaign plays to U.S. strengths by employing ...

Ostner Ralf
Опубликовано:
05.11.2019 15:25:18

Africa and Russia: Russia is important to make Africa The Place to be

Africa moves to a top position on the global Agenda Russia can work with Africa in areas which the EU neglects. Germany in 2017 issued an open document "Africa and Europe - A new partnership for development, peace and a better future". The objective was sympathetic, but Germany's concept had a marked lack of focus on what counts for Africa today: Cities, business (incl. value-added exports), and modern job-creation. Russia is needed as partner with Africa. http://www.bmz.de/en/publications/type_of_publication/information_flyer/information_brochures/Materialie270_africa_marshallplan...

Риис Карстен
Опубликовано:
24.10.2019 15:56:55

What these British are waiting for? I mean Brexit.

Moving about one year ago to London from Moscow has proven to be an interesting experience for me. Understandably, that every state is interested in the affairs that impact or can potentially impact the state. So, in autumn 2018 everyone was on discussing Brexit. In introduction courses in the University, professors have mentioned not once and not twice in what great time we – all the international students – live as we could witness the United Kingdom leaving EU – a truly historical moment.  London...

Голуб Мария
Опубликовано:
18.09.2019 12:59:52

Bridges to India

Marshal Bulganin and Premier Khrushchev visited Bangalore, India in the 1950s and planted two tall trees there with great pomp and ceremony, to signify the growing solidarity between India and the USSR. It is said the Bulganin tree started growing at a slant right away and toppled over a few years later (to be replanted discreetly in a less prominent space). Apparently, a few years after that, the Khrushchev tree also toppled over. Source: liders.rusarchives.ru (http://liders.rusarchives.ru/) It...

Murlidhar Neel
Опубликовано:
16.09.2019 13:14:19

Does it worth Germany and France taking refuge into the arms of Russia and China?

... poisoning of Sergei and Julia Skripal. To be honest, Trump was right to point out at NATO Summit the fundamental hypocrisy of spending billions on NATO to defend Germany while Germany is building a gas pipeline with Russia, Nordstream 2, to run its economy and resell gas around Europe. He is also right to state that, Europe’s defense isn’t our responsibility anymore. He’s saying you don’t get to have your Iranian oil and hollow out our economy at the same time. European independence on foreign ...

Sohail Ajmal
Опубликовано:
23.07.2019 13:17:31

Déjà vu of Collaborative Consumption?

Have We Really Lived in the “Original Sharing Economy” and How Collaborative Models take over Post-Soviet Consumers To Have and to Have Not? Economic models that favour “temporary access to goods and services over ownership” have been called different things by different people. Depending ...

Новикова Елена
Опубликовано:
28.06.2019 16:10:53

America. A system that doesn't work anymore

... disposable income while it was 73% of disposable income in 2017.According to a report by US Federal Reserve from saving to GDP ratio dropped from 13% to 2.6% from 1970 to 2017. 1975 is the last year US has seen a trade surplus. Attesting to the fact that US economy is a consumption led economy and implementing policies to repress consumption can lead to recession.Trade deficits can't be reduced with a rising consumption.Trump's measures are not going to shield internal markets. Source: informator.newsSo ...

Fatima Samreen
Опубликовано:
25.03.2019 13:49:45

The Digital Economy in Russia. Part 2

The digital economy of Russia [1] In order to stimulate the Russian economy, a law was passed in 2003 to promote Russian technological advancement. The law is applicable to state-owned companies. The objective is to reduce reliance on foreign technology, build the ...

Leenders Anna
Опубликовано:
20.08.2018 15:44:59

The Digital Economy in Russia. Part 1

As society shifts toward increased digitization, from earning a living through digital platforms to the digitization of all aspects of the economy, the binary logic of industrial economy versus digital economy is replaced with a continuum of digitization of entire economies. Digitization is a way of increasing productivity and profitability as it results in an exchange of material productivity ...

Leenders Anna
Опубликовано:
16.08.2018 11:03:55

The Syrian Crisis as a Trade Conflict

... an attempt by Putin to create a puppet state out of an Assad-run country to use as an additional ally on the negotiating table against NATO and so on. What Americans fail to recognize, however, is just how important a stable Syria is for the Russian economy, and that having Assad in power, regardless of just how far under Putin’s control the man is, is possibly the sole end goal of Russia.Tartous Port, Syria Ever since the days of the Roman Empire, the region of Syria has been an incredibly wealthy ...

Levine Alex
Опубликовано:
05.07.2017 00:08:13

Global Economy & Problematics: Priorities, Opportunities

... context, it must be noted the basic problem in the modern world on a level relationship between sustainable development and economic growth are:The problem of the gap between the rich and the poor. Thus we must ask:""Do we in the era of the economy for the economy and not for the community?""Far from theorizing and according to the statistics and data on the economic gap (If we take into account that the largest percentage of citizens are workers or employees are gainfully employed),...

AL Rabadi Salam
Опубликовано:
02.05.2017 14:36:51

 

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Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
 
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