Foreign Affairs: Analysis
27 october 2016
In just two weeks the United States of America will elect its new president. According to many politicians and observers, the campaign is unprecedentedly vicious, while the confrontation with Russia emerges perhaps as one of the key issues. However, no matter who wins the race – either Democrat Hillary Clinton or Republican Donald Trump – Washington and Moscow will have to construct a pragmatic dialogue since it affects both their own wellbeing and global security, comments former Russian Foreign Minister and RIAC President Igor Ivanov in a recent interview to RIA Novosti News Agency.
A meeting of the CSTO Collective Security Council was held in Yerevan in mid-October with the heads of Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia adopting a Collective Security Strategy for the period until 2025. The document does not directly cite a single country or organization which the CSTO regards as a potential enemy. However, the current threats and challenges to collective security listed in the strategy make it abundantly clear that new problems directly arising from the geopolitical crisis in Eurasia have been added to the goals of strengthening the organization’s external borders, primarily in Central Asia, as well as fighting terrorism and drug trafficking.
Author: Sergey Rekeda.
WHO: There are Twice as Many Overweight People as there are Hungry People, and a Third of all Food is Thrown Away
The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued a report showing that, in today’s world, around 1 billion people are either hungry or underfed. At the same time, 2 billion people are overweight, and one third of all the food produced in the world is thrown away.
A grave food crisis is just a matter of time.
Author: Andrey Kortunov.
26 october 2016
On October 30, Moldova will for the first time since 1996 elect its president in a nationwide vote. Although officially 12 candidates take part in the electoral campaign (A. Nastase and I. Popenko have for various reasons dropped out of the presidential race), realistically there are only three credible candidates: Igor Dodon, leader of the Socialist Party; Marian Lupu, the head of the Democratic Party; and Maia Sandu, who leads the Action and Solidarity Party.
On October 23, 2016 Al-Sumaria TV channel broadcast a live interview with former Iraqi Prime Minister and Vice President Ayad Allawi in its Special Conversation programme. Leader of the National Coalition Ayad Allawi raised the question of calling a regional UN-sponsored conference after the liquidation of IS in order to achieve peace and stability in the Middle East.
Author: Ruslan Mamedov.
Russia–Japan relations continue to follow a familiar pattern, with the two sides still testing the waters with regard to ways of resolving the territorial dispute. Prime Minister Shinzō Abe’s brother, Senior Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Nobuo Kishi, and then Minister for Foreign Affairs Fumio Kishida, have refused to rule out the possibility of handing two of the disputed islands over to Russia, a move that would soften the traditionally hard-line approach taken by Tokyo towards the four islands that are the centre of the disagreement. Japan is using the prospect of multi-billion dollar economic cooperation with Russia as a “carrot” in the issue.
Author: Nikolay Murashkin.
26 october 2016
The document reflects the main results of the 162nd Bergedorf Round Table (Bergedorfer Gesprächkreis), held in Moscow by the German Kurt Körber Foundation (Körber Stiftung) and the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) on July 10-12, 2016.
On October 24, President of Croatia Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović arrived in Azerbaijan on a three-day visit. She has already met with President Ilham Aliyev, still there are many interesting events in store for her.
The three-day visit is a notable event in recent Balkan diplomatic activities. It is taking place during the 25th anniversaries of the two countries’ statehoods and the mutual recognition of their independence (December 28, 1991). However, in the world of pragmatism, anniversaries have turned into excuses to avoid addressing specific issues. What is the current agenda between the two countries?
Author: Alexander Pivovarenko.
26 october 2016
Argentina's recently elected Presdient Mauricio Macri has chosen a course of austerity in an attempt to recover the country’s crisis-stricken economy. Labor unions are protesting against budget spending cuts that are affecting the domestic environment. Marcelo Montes, professor of international relations at the National University of Villa Maria in Argentina, comments on the developments.
On Friday, October 21, 2016, when night had already fallen in the European part of the world and the working day was in full swing on the other side of the Atlantic, some of the biggest entertainment and news companies reported that their servers had been subjected to a cyberattack of an unprecedented scale. There is increasing speculation on the Internet and in the media that someone is testing the Internet’s defences.
Author: Maria Gurova.
25 october 2016
Authoritarianism vs. democracy has long been established as part of modern Western discourse, with political transitions supposed to move linearly from one to the other. The problem is that authoritarian regimes proper – rationally organized secular autocracies – are increasingly scarce and giving way to crisis-ridden governments or fundamentalist regimes. The “bench” of countries capable of instituting a democratic transition is dwindling rapidly. The “old democracies” are facing mounting dilemmas, and prospects for regimes in major powers like China or Russia are vague.
24 october 2016
In recent years, Europe and beyond have been increasingly more vocal about Germany regaining its leadership in the Old World. The discussion appeared especially heated in connection with the debt crisis of Greece, as it was Berlin which happened to come out as the key driver and architect of the scheme for its restructuring, and in return faced charges of a new hegemonic wave. In addition, it was Berlin which launched the open door policy for refugees only to cause a most painful response from many European countries.
24 october 2016
The Lebanese political field does not seem to show any signs of a transition to a phased solution of the key problems facing the country – that is, the crisis of the legislative and executive branches, social security issues, economic hardship, unemployment, refugees, etc. Yet serious shifts are under way beneath the surface that seem to promise an early change of the landscape.
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