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Foreign Affairs: Analysis

24 april 2015

The Early Presidential Elections in Kazakhstan: Before and After

Alexey Malashenko Member of the Scientific Council, Chairman of the Religion, Society, and Security Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center

  1

Nazarbayev will change the current system with an eye to building it not for himself, but for his successor, of whom there is not yet talk but who will sooner or later have to replace him. On the one hand, the early elections postpone the problem of the transfer of power. Talk of Nazarbayev’s successor will cease to be relevant for a certain period of time – possibly an extremely short period of time. Nazarbayev will remain at the head of the government for as long as he chooses.

24 april 2015

Summit of Americas – No Bridge built

Anna Shcherbakova PhD in Political Science, Research Associate at the Center for Political Studies, RAS Institute of Latin America

  1

The seventh Summit of the Americas took place on 10-11 April 2015 in the capital of Panama, situated at the very “heart of the universe”. Topics planned for discussion under the central theme – “Prosperity with Equity: The Challenge of Cooperation in the Americas” – included education, healthcare, energy, protection of the environment, migration, security, citizen participation and democratic governance, common concerns for all 34 countries in the hemisphere. At the heart of the discussions, however, were issues that divided rather than united the two Americas.

RIAC Digest

EU regulation, Foreign Fighters in Ukraine, Democratic stalemate in Myanmar, Kaliningrad phenomenon, Chinese economic policy

Spring is on the start and here is another edition of RIAC monthly digest. We tried to focus our attention on major issues like migration and fighting tuberculosis but without forgetting geopolitics, economic dwellings and international cooperation. Below you will find about a dozen of publications issued by both small and large think tanks and research centers on migration, EU regulation and structure, foreign forces in the Ukrainian crisis, housing as a path to achieving sustainability, indigenous peoples’ experience in acquiring remedies, some thoughts on democratic stalemate in Myanmar, Kaliningrad phenomenon and a factsheet on Chinese economic policy.

Digest and special projects

23 april 2015

Arctic Council Gets New Leader: what choice will Washington make?

Yekaterina Klimenko Research Fellow, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

  1

At a meeting in Canada on April 23, 2015 the United States will assume chairmanship of the Arctic Council for 2015-2017. These are difficult times for the Arctic, and for the Arctic Council in particular. After the previous five years of dynamic growth of cooperation, the Arctic region is faced with the problems of geopolitical rivalry between Russia and the West. The key issue over the next two years will remain the same: will the United States be able to overcome these problems and set the dialogue within the Arctic Council on a constructive path, especially considering the internal divisions in the country over Arctic policy.

23 april 2015

Azerbaijan–Armenia: heat is getting stronger

Alexander Krylov President, Society of Caucasian Studies Experts

  1

The latest exacerbation of the situation on the demarcation line between the armed forces of Azerbaijan and Armenia is undoubtedly Baku’s desire to distract attention from 24 April – the tragic historical date marking the centenary of the Armenian genocide. Turkey is holding a series of national events marking the First World War with the same aim. The main reason for what is happening, however, is different.

22 april 2015

EU vs. Google: When Two Goliaths Meet

Matthew Crosston Director, International Security and Intelligence Studies program, Bellevue University

  3

The European Commission has opened a formal investigation into Google to ascertain whether or not the company’s operating system, applications, and services have breached EU anti-trust rules. The Commission is seeking to figure out if Google has engaged in anti-competitive activities in its business philosophy and has tried to abuse what is a dominant commercial position in the European market. This formal inquiry actually goes back five years, when the EU was concerned primarily with Google’s dominance over the advertising search market (at the time it controlled 95% of the EU).

The Great Lee Forward

The Great Lee Forward

Anton Tsvetov, Media and Government Relations Manager, RIAC.

It’s OK to be jealous of Lee Kuan Yew. The late Prime Minister of Singapore was the hero of the ultimate country-sized success story. For any leader of the developing world, the title of his political testimony – From the Third World to the First – represents a headline for the biography of their dreams. Southeast Asian politicians will look up to Lee as one who was able to use a firm grip on power to make a powerhouse out of a sleepy city-state, making it a shining example of post-colonial development.

22 april 2015

Kyrgyzstan Experts’ Polemic: “Kyrgyzstan and the EEU: Better In than Out”

  1

On January 1, 2015, the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) – a union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan – was officially launched. Armenia’s accession treaty came into force on January 2, 2015, while Kyrgyzstan is set to join the Union in May 2015. Tajikistan is taking an interest in the EEU as well. During a meeting between the Russian and Uzbek Presidents in Tashkent on December 10, 2014, the parties expressed their readiness to hold consultations on the creation of a free trade zone between Uzbekistan and the EEU. Kyrgyzstan is one of those countries where the pros and cons of integration with the EEU appear to be under intense discussion. RIAC contacted Kyrgyz experts to understand the tone of debate and differences of opinion on the problems and prospects of the EEU as seen from within the country.

21 april 2015

Internet in Latin America: Reality and Future in Digital Terms

Andrey Pyatakov PhD (Political Science), Senior Research Fellow, RAS Institute for Latin American Studies

  0

With the arrival of 21st century, the Internet has become a key factor in global development, although Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is often seen as one of the poorest and socially insecure regions, largely bypassed by global technological trends. However, LAC has is playing a dynamic role in the virtual space, as university-based advanced technologies are significantly changing public consciousness, reformatting the information space and providing a platform for innovative political trends.

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