Search: Permafrost (2 materials)

Breaking the Ice: The Northern Sea Route

... $10’s of billions. That said China had two crucial factors, the relatively easily accessible terrain and a huge population via which the tax burden for such construction can be shared. For Russia major Arctic projects lack both, as construction on permafrost is far from easy and the constantly dwindling population due to migration or death undermines the internal market. As Shtokman Development Company Andrey Krivorot outlines after the Caucasus, the Arctic is the second region for biggest migration ...


The Arctic Frontier - Armed with Cooperation

... will tell, but being a triumphalistic optimist is not easy (unless one is Francis Fukuyama). In all, as Kuchins and Alexander Dynkin from IMEMO stress, it is vital that common goals and approaches are formed and interests are consolidated. Melting Permafrost – Good, Bad or Ugly? As Mikhail Suslin of Sovcomflot stressed without Global Warming, the Northern Sea Route and Arctic development in general would not have been feasible as old-aged ice or permafrost would have stood as an impregnable ...


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  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
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    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
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    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
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    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
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