Search: CSTO (34 materials)


The CSTO and EAEU in a New Era: From Abstraction to Practice

... with certainty how radical the coming changes will be and to what extent they will affect not only Europe Several international institutions for cooperation, integration and collective security - primarily the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) - were created in a historical period that, apparently, has finally come to an end. Now we cannot say with certainty how radical the coming changes will be and to what extent they will affect not only Europe,...


From St. Petersburg to Syunik: Reinvigorating the Russian–Armenian Security Alliance

... turmoil in Kazakhstan dealt a significant blow to Ankara’s ambitions in post-Soviet Eurasia and the “Turkic World.” In quick order, Kazakhstan’s President managed to gain control over the situation in close coordination with Russia and the CSTO. The episode vividly underscored the importance that Russia attaches to the post-Soviet space as its primary zone of vital national security interests. It also highlighted the reality that, in today’s multipolar world, Turkey, despite all the talk ...


Kazakhstan: from the Games of Thrones to the Jewel in the String of Pearls

... Sino-Russian bloc is prone to endure for the coming decades or so Kazakhstan: a key player and a logistic hub for China’s Belt and Road Initiative, a member of the Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union and the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), the largest country in Central Asia that has practised a multi-vector foreign policy with ease, the most advanced in terms of political and economic reforms among other countries in Central Asia, and often the main avenue for negotiations on important ...


Kazakhstan’s Common but Differentiated Institutions of State Power

... power struggle which has likely sounded the death-knell of the Nazarbayevs in domestic Kazakhstan politics. Andrey Kortunov: Political Extremists, Gangs First Ones to Gain from Kazakh Turmoil With the Kazakh government stabilized and the Russian-led CSTO force now withdrawing, the political risk scenarios surrounding Kazakhstan domestic political, social, economic, and geopolitical future are still just as opaque, complex, and institutionally multivariate. Tokayev is confirmed as still President ...


Political Extremists, Gangs First Ones to Gain from Kazakh Turmoil

The Preliminary Lessons of the Crisis in Kazakhstan With the current situation in Kazakhstan remaining unclear and reports on last-minute developments being incomplete and controversial, many fundamental questions about the unfolding crisis so far have not received clear and convincing answers. Were the street protests purely spontaneous or had they been carefully planned and skillfully organized? Does the public outrage and mutiny have exclusively domestic roots or is it linked to powerful foreign...


The CIA’s Strategic Thinking in Afghanistan: 1979 to 2021

... the international context and geopolitical changes that the CIA has been concerned about in a post-2021 Afghanistan. During the 2001–2021 period, Russia has regained its great power status and, through the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), is now in a position to provide protection to Central Asian countries, notably Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Moreover, Vladimir Putin’s Russia is now more active in far-flung countries such as Syria, suggesting that Moscow may once again be interested ...


What Does NATO Withdrawal from Afghanistan Mean for Regional Actors?

... Russians. Russia also maintains close security ties to the states that border Afghanistan, namely: Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Iran. Russia’s largest foreign military base is in Tajikistan, while the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), a Russia-led military alliance, figures to play a major role in any fallout from the Afghan crisis to secure the borders of member states. Russia has deployed tanks to the Afghan-Tajik border and plans to hold joint exercises with Uzbekistan ...


Moscow Is Still Central Asia’s Top Security Ally

... signed. This treaty would have bound them to a collective security effort. The “Eastern NATO” promotes a multilevel security architecture based on joint military exercises, supplies of modern weapons and equipment of military bases. However, the CSTO has been criticized throughout the years for having missed some opportunities of intervention, like during the 2010 Osh protests in Kyrgyzstan. Member states have, in fact, been reluctant to intervene in ethnic or internal conflicts. Furthermore,...


Russia and Kazakhstan have been working together to build up our integration

... players, including Russia and Kazakhstan, and their integration associations. Question: What is Moscow’s view on the further development of bilateral integration processes, including Russia-Kazakhstan interaction within the framework of the EAEU, the CSTO and the SCO? What are your priorities for the near future? Sergey Lavrov: You are aware that the idea of the Eurasian Economic Union was proposed by First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, who put it forth back in 1994 ...


Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
For business
For researchers
For students