Search: Society (19 materials)


Pensions Policies Should Focus on Jobs, Not Retirement

... for payments earlier in cases of long-term illness or disability. The retirement age was later reduced to 65 years old, and 65 eventually became the standard retirement age in the US and UK as well. Old age pensions for people over age 65 transformed society as much as electricity or the automobile did. But unlike these purely technological inventions, old age pensions also civilized society. Before old age pensions, people who were too old to work quickly fell into poverty and dependence. Private ...


US-Russia Relations: How 2016 Changed Everything and Nothing

It would be foolish for the Americans to ignore the Kremlin’s role in the 2016 election, but it is equally wrong to turn a blind eye to divisions, weak political institutions and economic problems that turned the U.S. election into such fertile soil for an intervention that, at its core, relied on getting Americans to hate and distrust each other The current state of US-Russia relations is unprecedented. The American President boasts simultaneously of being as tough on Russia as any American President...


Trade Uncertainty: Possible Consequences of the Trade Wars for Russia and the World

Protectionism – the New Norm of International Trade A side effect of any trade war is protectionism, which is particularly pronounced during a period of structural transformation or the transition to a new stage of development in economic competition. And we are not just talking about economic transformations here, but also social transformations – imbalances in the economy lead to social disruptions and failures on the labour market, and the national or supranational government must respond to...


“Restored Sovereignty” as the Basis of National Pride

... showing trust in the President than the political system as a whole. There is a very big difference between trust in a person and trust in an institution. While trust in the President is very high in Russia, generalized trust (trust at the level of civil society) and institutional trust (trust in other political institutes) is practically absent. For example, trust in the government (35 per cent), political parties (19 per cent), the Federal Assembly (33 per cent for the State Duma and 35 per cent for ...


New Mobilization?

... a “besieged fortress” that prevailed during the interwar period. The American people responded to the McCarthyism of the 1950s, which called for citizens to seek out “communist spies” everywhere, with mass demonstrations and protests. Soviet society engaged in a kind of passive protest that manifested itself in an enthusiasm for imported goods and the prestige attached to foreign travel to capitalist countries. The mentality of “seeking out spies” everywhere that prevailed in the Soviet ...


A Brave New World without Work

... developed countries. Maksim Karliuk: The Ethical and Legal Issues of Artificial Intelligence The high speed of change (suffice it to say that 10 of the most popular professions of 2010 did not exist in 2004) makes it difficult to predict the impact on society. In this regard, the assessments of experts and international organizations range from optimistic to alarmist . However, even if we were to eliminate the most extreme case scenarios, we could still say with certainty that a fundamental restructuring ...


Execute not pardon? In 2017, at least 993 people were executed. 21,919 people are waiting to be executed

Is the world becoming more merciful? Yes, but not too fast. Is the world becoming more merciful? Yes, but not too fast. In 2017, at least 993 people were executed in 23 countries, which is 4% less than in 2016 (1,032 executions) and 39% less than in this century’s record 2015 (1,634 executions). The number of death sentences has decreased considerably (2,591 against 3,115 last year). These statistics fail to include death penalties in China and other countries, where they are under state secret...


RIAC at OSCE and IOM Conference on the Occasion of International Migrants Day

... to the general public; ways to debunk myths and stereotypes against migrants. Issues of migration regulation and tools for providing channels and opportunities for legal and safe migration, integration of migrants, and also the adaptation of the host society to the presence of migrants were discussed. Over 100 representatives of international organizations, academic and expert community took part in the event. Elena Alekseenkova, RIAC Program Manager, made a report about Russia’s narratives on the ...


Imperatives of Neomodernism for the Middle East

... of the present Middle East drama. However, since the problems have to be solved by means of this narrative, we can distinguish certain aspects of the latter. Obviously, the first such problem is what V. Naumkin called curing the “ diseases of society ” that push young people to radical ideologies. Accordingly, the question arises: What do young men and women that travel to the Islamic State seek? The answer is not a riddle wrapped up in an enigma. If the request for change in the Arab ...


Society is the womb in which terrorism develops

... constitutes terrorism. Often, we hear talks about how to respond to and how to fight back terrorism. We hear speeches about our resolve to bring those who planned and committed these acts to justice. We hear how important national cohesion is, how unity is society’s way to fight back, and how keeping calm and carrying on is our personal way of countering terror, and it is only fair. It is true that in the face of terrorism, governments and societies must show cohesion and unity. After all, the very ...


Poll conducted

  1. Korean Peninsula Crisis Has no Military Solution. How Can It Be Solved?
    Demilitarization of the region based on Russia-China "Dual Freeze" proposal  
     36 (35%)
    Restoring multilateral negotiation process without any preliminary conditions  
     27 (26%)
    While the situation benefits Kim Jong-un's and Trump's domestic agenda, there will be no solution  
     22 (21%)
    Armed conflict still cannot be avoided  
     12 (12%)
    Stonger deterrence on behalf of the U.S. through modernization of military infrastructure in the region  
     4 (4%)
    Toughening economic sanctions against North Korea  
     2 (2%)
For business
For researchers
For students