International Relations Between Realism And Post-Humanity
June 19, 2018
By Dr. Salam AL RabadiInternational relations is casting a spotlight on the thorny topics and problems dealing with human life and his future in the fields of security, politics, economy, knowledge, culture. And reflect the reality of global variables associated with a range of strategic themes in political science. The world is live now a transitional phase in all contemporary global issues such as: - Global Governance and Issues the Environment and Climate Change. -Effects of Technological Progress. -Limits of military power. -Poverty and Human Rights and Sustainable Development. -Energy and Natural Resources. -Demography and Immigration. -Cultural Evolution and Terrorism. - Influence of the World Trade Organization (WTO). These issues make us wonder about dialectic theoretical reality that try to explain international relations? Also all the changes at the global level raises controversial and doubts about "realism theory" in political science? Thus: Is there an intellectual vacuum at theoretical level in international relations? Accordingly the new challenges in the era of globalization lies in the following questions:
- Do the state is still only able to determine international relations?
- Can analyze this emerging reality through building on standard force only?
- Or must also focus and the inclusion of cultural aspects in the analysis?
From the perspective of the reality of the theoretical question that explains the issues of the world can not be limited to the debate about the features of this new format but also that the real challenge lies in the following questions :
For example: - How can we put an end to the violation of nature resources which may permanently eliminates the possibilities of sustainable development without a cultural contract? - What are the ways that we have to face the moral requirements which include a general framework of human security? The new global challenges made from a holistic concept of security and multi-dimensional and closer to human life. Thus security is no longer measured by the reduction of threats but the extent to respond to the basic needs of the human being "Human Security". So if all of these global transformations require extra effort on the theoretical level: Do we need a new intellectual pattern in the context of the philosophical approach that explains international relations? In 21st Century: reconsidered in the constants in all matters relating to society and history and human values. and there are many theories that attempt to fill the ideological vacuum of the contemporary world including: 1-Theory of the End of History. 2-Theory of the Clash of Civilizations. 3- Postmodern Theory. But it may be the most dangerous of these theories which is called the: Theory Post-Humanity. Where in the near future we will be our humanity in confront a lot of moral choices crucial in the field of genetic engineering. We have entered the stage of revolutionary development in the field of biology. Especially the "biotechnology” which will result in a drastic change in human life basically allows to change human nature. To get into historical period have radical impacts in: society and ethics, economy, politics and culture. In the future we are in front of world: " Post-Humanity “. It will be characterized by the existence of many of the social conflicts. Where there is no place for concept the "common humanity". So we will not know what the meaning of humanity. Therein lies the essence of the dialectical relationship between: human and technology. Based on this: If the ambitious humanitarian is the emergence of coordinated values that govern the behavior of society and institutions: 1-Will it be a matter of values and ethic transformations in the forefront the current and future intellectual questions? 2-Are will we need to international relations that depend on cultural factors as an influential force in the approach to global issues both in terms of interpretation or find solutions ?
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