Guilherme Schneider's blog

History of Mexico-Russia Bilateral Relations

September 14, 2023
The history of Mexico and Russia's bilateral relations dates back over a century and reflects the broader geopolitical shifts that have taken place during this period. While not always at the forefront of each nation's foreign policy, their mutual relations have steadily evolved and adapted to the changing global landscape.

1. The Beginning: Pre-Soviet Era
The relationship began in the 19th century with the Russian Empire. Though contacts were limited, both countries had established diplomatic relations by the late 1800s. The distance and different regional concerns meant that there was little active engagement between the two during this early period.

2. The Revolution & The Soviet Era
The Mexican Revolution in 1910 and the Russian Revolution in 1917 marked significant turning points. Mexico was one of the first countries to recognize the Soviet Union in 1924, reflecting its own revolutionary identity and a desire to assert an independent foreign policy from its northern neighbor, the United States.

During the Cold War, Mexico maintained a non-aligned policy but had friendly relations with the Soviet Union. Both countries collaborated in various international forums and established trade and cultural exchanges. Mexico's relationship with the Soviet Union was multifaceted, balancing its proximity and economic dependence on the U.S. with its desire to foster relations with a wide range of countries.

3. Post-Soviet Era: Building Economic & Diplomatic Ties
With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Mexico established relations with the newly-formed Russian Federation. The 1990s and early 2000s saw both countries focusing on domestic issues and reforms, but there was a mutual interest in diversifying trade partners and enhancing diplomatic ties.

A series of high-level visits and agreements in the 21st century emphasized cooperation in areas such as energy, trade, education, and culture. Russia showed interest in investing in Mexico's energy sector, while Mexico viewed Russia as a potential market for its products.

4. Present Day Relations
In recent years, Mexico and Russia have sought to deepen their bilateral relationship, exploring partnerships in areas like technology, aerospace, agriculture, and more. Despite their geographical distance and different regional concerns, both countries have recognized the value of a diversified and multidimensional relationship.

Nevertheless, their relationship is also influenced by larger geopolitical dynamics. Mexico's ties with the U.S. and its regional focus in Latin America, and Russia's priorities in Europe and Asia, can sometimes limit the depth of their bilateral engagement. But there is a mutual understanding of the importance of global cooperation and diplomacy.

Future Opportunities: Maximizing Bilateral Potential

The evolving landscape of the globalized world presents Mexico and Russia with opportunities to optimize their bilateral relationship further:

Energy and Natural Resources: Russia, with its vast energy reserves, can collaborate with Mexico, which has a rapidly growing energy sector after its reforms. Joint ventures in oil exploration, production, and renewable energy projects can be mutually beneficial.

Agriculture and Food Processing: Mexico's robust agricultural sector can supply a variety of products to Russia. At the same time, both countries can explore joint ventures in food processing, enhancing the value chain and opening new markets.

Tourism and Culture: The rich histories and cultures of both countries can be leveraged to boost tourism. Easier visa regimes and direct air connectivity can foster people-to-people exchanges and increase tourist inflows in both directions.

Education and Technology: With the technology sector booming globally, partnerships in research, innovation, and higher education can drive mutual growth. Exchange programs and joint research initiatives can be key catalysts.

Aerospace and Defense: Both countries have robust aerospace industries. Collaborative projects in satellite launches, aircraft production, and defense technologies can further strengthen their strategic ties.


The history of Mexico-Russia relations is a testament to the adaptability and resilience of diplomatic ties. From the revolutionary beginnings to the complexities of the Cold War and the opportunities of the 21st century, both nations have navigated their bilateral relationship with a mix of pragmatism and strategic interest. While not always in the global spotlight, the relationship between Mexico and Russia offers valuable insights into the evolving nature of international diplomacy.
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  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
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    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
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    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
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