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Julia Melnikova

Program Manager at the Russian International Affairs Council, Graduate Student at the MGIMO University

Giacomo Famigli

Master’s Student, MGIMO University, RIAC Intern

RIAC Working Paper No.84 / 2023

As the world order is undergoing a major transformation, key players in the international arena are reconsidering their foreign policy tools. Connectivity emerges as a new instrument of geopolitical competition, creating not only networks of railroads, digital and energy infrastructure, but also lasting recipient dependencies of respective investments from donors. The following working paper is looking at the European Union as a connectivity provider, assessing the potential of its Global Gateway Initiative in becoming a viable alternative to China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

RIAC Working Paper No.84 / 2023

As the world order is undergoing a major transformation, key players in the international arena are reconsidering their foreign policy tools. Connectivity emerges as a new instrument of geopolitical competition, creating not only networks of railroads, digital and energy infrastructure, but also lasting recipient dependencies of respective investments from donors. The following working paper is looking at the European Union as a connectivity provider, assessing the potential of its Global Gateway Initiative in becoming a viable alternative to China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

Connectivity Competition: The EU’s Global Gateway Initiative, 2.5 Mb

(votes: 62, rating: 4.15)
 (62 votes)

Poll conducted

  1. In your opinion, what are the US long-term goals for Russia?
    U.S. wants to establish partnership relations with Russia on condition that it meets the U.S. requirements  
     33 (31%)
    U.S. wants to deter Russia’s military and political activity  
     30 (28%)
    U.S. wants to dissolve Russia  
     24 (22%)
    U.S. wants to establish alliance relations with Russia under the US conditions to rival China  
     21 (19%)
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