RIAC Policy Briefs

Policy Brief 10 / 2016

Migration Crisis: International Cooperation and National Strategies

Migration has moved to the top of the global political agenda in recent times. The unprecedented influx of refugees to Europe, on the one hand, and the high rate of South–North economic migration on the other, have led to sharp political and public opinion divisions. Over the last year-and-a-half, the expressions “migration crisis” and “refugee crisis” have become firmly lodged in the political and journalist discourse. However, to what extent does the term “crisis” reflect the real state of affairs?

Policy Brief 9 / 2016

The Northern Sea Route: National Regime in the Changing International Context

Both the Arctic states and other members of the global community are becoming increasingly interested in the Arctic. The issues of developing the Northern Sea Route (NSR) and the legal regulation of navigation in its waters are pending both for the Russian interests and in the international context, especially since the International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code) comes into force on 1 January 2017.


Policy Brief 8 / 2016

Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Development: Current Situation and Prospects

The decline in global oil prices that began in the summer of 2014 carries with it a number of risks in assembling a whole range of major oil and gas projects, including shale gas extraction projects, deep-water offshore projects and projects in the Arctic shelf. By 2040 energy demand will be 40–60 per cent greater than in 2010. Oil will continue to play a leading role in the global energy balance. Offshore oil and gas resources in the Arctic could, in the medium and long term, play significant role both in maintaining current oil and gas production levels and in ensuring growth in the future.



Policy Brief 7 / 2016

Strategic Planning of Russia–China Relations in Cross-Border and Inter-Regional Cooperation

In order to increase the predictability of Russia–China relations and ensure their progressive and consistent development, it is necessary to convert the high level of mutual political trust into steady and stable work of institutions responsible for international cooperation. For this purpose, it would be advisable to focus on determining the algorithms and mechanisms of strategic planning of Russia–China relations, which could help the parties identify mutually acceptable frameworks and boundaries of strategic partnership not transforming into a military and political alliance.


Policy Brief 6 / 2016

Possibilities of a Strategic Relationship Between Russia and Saudi Arabia

Russia’s foreign policy in the Middle East is a multidimensional endeavour, which calls for something akin to strategic relations to be built with infl uential regional actors. Pursuing a partnership with Saudi Arabia is a comprehensive task for the Russian Federation. Saudi Arabia is a leading country in the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) and, like Russia, it is a serious player on the global oil market. Changes in the region and around the world, as well as the declaration by Saudi Arabia in April 2016 of its socioeconomic transformation in the “Vision for Saudi Arabia until the year 2030” open up new opportunities for the two countries.



Policy Brief 5 / 2016

Russia and Europe: Somewhat Different, Somewhat the Same?

There are more issues that divide Russia and the EU than that unite them. Although both sides support the fundamentals of the current world-order, Russia believes that the current arrangement does not grant equality and is asymmetrically patterned after the West. While civil societies on both sides believe that sanctions should be ended and relations strengthened, and while both have incurred losses as a result of restrictive measures, they diverge on the conditions of relaunching economic relations, on the feasibility of technical cooperation in the absence of political convergence, and on what EU – EEU cooperation could look like.


Policy Brief 4 / 2016

New Agenda For Russia-EU Relations

Russia and the European Union are neighbours. Located on the same continent side by side, we share a common history and culture, and the same religious, philosophical and civilizational roots. We are building predominantly the same type of secular society based on a socially oriented economy and public representation. We are no longer separated by the deepest insurmountable gap of antagonistically incompatible ideologies. The threat of nuclear war has been eliminated. Nevertheless, bilateral relations are experiencing an unprecedented crisis.


Policy Brief 3 / 2016

Cooperation in Science and Education to Promote an Innovative Approach to Russia–China Relations

Amid the apparent restrictions of extensive development models in both Russia and China, bilateral cooperation in science and education appears to be an increasingly ambitious objective aiming to build up the national innovative capacity of the two countries.


Policy Brief 2 / 2016

Four Scenarios for European Integration

In recent years, the number of academic studies and political opinions on the desired future of the EU has grown significantly. Despite the diversity of these opinions, they can conditionally be divided into one of four options: more Europe, less Europe, consolidation of Europe, flexible Europe. Each of these scenarios is aimed at achieving a certain image of future that is desirable for some political powers in the EU and barely acceptable for others. The systemic crisis is forcing the EU elites to choose finalité for European integration – a choice that they had managed to avoid for several decades.