January 11 – France’s Military Operation in Mali

"As for French military involvement in the Mali domestic conflict, Paris was concerned about the highly menacing triangle of extremist, jihadist and fundamental Islamic forces fed by arms, drugs and human trafficking in Mali and all the neighboring Sahel countries. In fact, a sizeable region of Africa became an aggregation of failed states, where armed extremists were seeking to establish their dominance."

– Yuri Rubinsky, Professor at the Higher School of Economics and Head of the Center for French Studies at the RAS Institute for European Studies



February 20 – Putin Signs the “Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and National Security up to 2020”

"Today international interaction in the Arctic presents a paradox. On the one hand, the key actors are stepping up competition for influence, while on the other hand no major project can be implemented by any single Arctic country alone. Therefore, Russia’s priorities as the largest Arctic state seem to lie in clearly defining its approach to future resource development, establishing distinct projects and sounding out their compatibility with its Arctic partners."

Arthur Chilingarov, Member of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Special Presidential Representative for International Cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic, RAS Corresponding Member, RIAC Member



March 5 – Hugo Chavez, leader of the Latin America’s Left Turns, Dies At 58

"It was not Chavez who launched the left turn, and it is unlikely to end simply as a result of his departure. Although this phenomenon hinges on certain prominent historical figures, it also results from fundamental factors. The leftist culture is deeply rooted in Latin America as a result of the inherent contradictions in its societal and economic structure."

Vladimir Davydov, Director of the RAS Institute for Latin American Studies, RAS Corresponding member, RIAC expert



March 15 – New Generation of Chinese Leaders: Xi Jinping elected President of the People's Republic of China

"Communicating our intentions to the region with clarity would mean breaking ground in the correct interpretation and legitimization of these intentions with our foreign partners, contributing to Russia’s image as a competent participant in regional processes."

RIAC Report Russia’s Guiding Landmarks in the Asia-Pacific after the APEC Summit in Vladivostok

"We, both in China and Russia, definitely consider the current relations to be the best ever in our history. This reflects considerable substance, as it is perfectly obvious that our relations are not limited to political declarations or ceremonial formulae, but they have, first and foremost, a practical content."

Andrey Denisov, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the People’s Republic of China, RIAC member Presidium



March 21 – RIAC international conference “Russia and the European Union: partnership and its potential”

"For Russia, developing further cooperation with the European Union is an absolute and long-term priority. Not only in terms of economic relations but also because Russia has always been and will be, a part of Europe, both geographically and, I want to emphasize this, culturally and in terms of civilization. Russia is a European country, which stretches far to the East, to the Pacific coast, to the borders of China and Korea. We have become close in the last 20 years, unprecedentedly for the 20th century. Russia has become a respected participant in many important European bodies, including the Council of Europe. Since the four common spaces were developed, our cooperation has seen a boost."

– Dmitry Medvedev, Prime Minister of the Russian Federation

"Whatever Russia’s foreign policy priorities and goals are, its relations with the European Union will continue to be one of its key priorities. In the long term, the consolidation of resources and competitive advantages of both partners may result in a breakthrough boosting their global economic competitiveness."

RIAC Report “Russia–European Union: Potential for Partnership”



March 22 – RIAC Builds Greater Europe

RIAC, PISM, and ELN have launched a joint project “A Cooperative Greater Europe by 2030”.

 For the purposes of the project, the term ‘Greater Europe’ refers to the entire geographic space between Iceland and Norway in the North and Turkey in the South and the space from Portugal in the West to Russia in the east.

The Task Force will bring forward proposals to allow all countries of the region to decisively break with the costly legacy of the Cold War and focus more effectively on meeting the emerging political, economic, and security challenges of the 21st century. It will address the causes of current levels of mistrust between key countries and actors in the region, have trust-building as a central theme in its deliberations, and will set out a rationale and vision for a cooperative Greater Europe by 2030 and a range of practical steps necessary to move the international relations of the continent in that direction. 

"Applying a Greater European framework should be useful in overcoming the bitter resentments over the situation in Ukraine. Enhanced stability, rule of law and better prospects for economic development should all be possible for Ukraine if it pursues improved relations both with the European Union and with Russia."

Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Co-chairman of Polish-Russian Group on Difficult Matters, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland, Desmond Browne, Executive Board Member of the European Leadership Network, Former British Defense Secretary, Igor Ivanov, RIAC President, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia



March 2013 – Eurozone Crisis: the Cyprus Challenge

"Today it is fashionable to talk about the decline
of the European Union. It’s what I usually call the intellectual glamour
of pessimism. It comes basically from Europeans themselves,
because we are always very self-critical. Don’t believe this idea of Europe in decline."

– José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission



March 2013 – Agreement on the Biggest Russian Arms Supply to China in 10 Years

September 2013 – Russian-Belarusian Joint Military Exercises “The West 2013”

"The “power of arms,” in other words, the role of military force in politics and war is mostly determined by the nature of potential and real arms conflicts; by military-technical progress and available economic resources needed for defense; and by ambitions and phobias of state leaders, military-industrial complexes and their contractors at research centers and in the media."

– Alexey Arbatov, RIAC Member, RAS Full Member, Head of the Center for International Security of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO RAS).

"Russians are well positioned to sell their arms for one simple reason that our weapons, as a rule, are cheaper. But we also have to remember one simple thing: in a situation where Western governments buy fewer arms, dumping cannot be ruled out. We will therefore have to fight harder and tougher for markets."

– Sergey Karaganov, Dean of the School of World Economics and World Politics at the National Research University–Higher School of Economics; RIAC Member



May 15– New Directions for the Russian Education: State Program “Education Development, 2013-2020” Adopted

Education Project “Global Science

The project emerged as a vehicle aimed at improving the status of Russian humanities research in the global knowledge market.

The need for this is apparent in the position of Russian universities in worldwide ratings, which is to a great extent due to scant publications in foreign editions. The program covers the preparation of a real-life research publication and its subsequent promotion in an English-language journal, ensuring that the acquired skills help make the paper acceptable at that international level.



May 28 – Protests Start on Taksim Square in Istanbul Demanding the Turkish Government to Resign

"From the beginning, the Taksim protests were likened to Cairo’s Tahrir, with comparisons drawn between the events in Turkey and the Arab Spring.

In contrast to the Arab Spring directed against authoritarian, “lifetime” presidencies, this was a first ever organized mass demonstration by a secular opposition against an Islamist - or alleged to have a hidden Islamist agenda – party."

Pyotr Stegny, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation, RIAC Member



June 17-18 – G8 Summit

“There is a lot of speculation about G-8 allegedly losing its position to G-20, and being no longer representative. However, I think that G-8 is here to stay, and its role will be as important as ever.”

Alexey Gromyko, Deputy Director of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, RIAC Member



June 30 – Egyptian coup d’état, Morsi’s Downfall

"The “Arab awakening” started with riots by modernized strata of the society, mainly young people, seeking freedom, justice, political involvement, or the alleviation of the twin pressures of poverty and unemployment. But their lack of experience and organization, their relatively slim size, and the significant authority of traditional, chiefly patron-client relations combined with existence of tribal systems, allowed other forces, primarily Islamic parties and groups, to benefit from these uprisings and win the elections.

  In fact, the secular state model crashed or was severely eroded across the Arab societies when they faced the challenges of globalization, and this ignited a process of re-traditionalization. At the same time, the military elites that played the key role in government maintained their weight and influence." 

RIAC Report ¨Russia and the Greater Middle East¨

“The past season gives an impression of feebleness on the part of those who until recently pretended to have shaped the world’s destiny. America is struggling to adapt itself to the ever changing situation; not to mention its strategy. Europe is deep in crisis, and its strenuous attempts at pronouncing itself a world power resemble a farce. China is lying low, concerned about the fact that overall instability may spill over. Russia is warily biding time preferring to hold on to the fragile status quo. The Middle East continues its unmanaged drift towards the unknown.”

– Fyodor Lukianov, Editor-in Chief of “Russia in Global Affairs” magazine; President of the Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defence Policy; RIAC member


August 2013 – Obama Cancels Meeting with Putin: Reset under Question?

"Although some try to present the Snowden affair as a key global problem, it is by no means fundamental to the destiny of humankind. At the same time, nuclear weapons proliferation, growing regional conflicts, terrorism and extremism of all sorts genuinely threaten Russia, the U.S., Europe and the broader global community."

– Igor Ivanov, RIAC President

"Russia and United States share common interests in their approaches to a host of key issues in international security. This primarily concerns non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. There are opportunities for interaction over Iran and North Korea. Cooperation is developing on Afghanistan, too. The repeal of the Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Russia’s accession to the WTO laid the groundwork for trade and investment relations to be imbued with new momentum. In our opinion, qualitative changes in the political and economic spheres will also render inevitable the transformation of military-strategic interaction between Russia and the United States. Furthermore, both political and legal international approaches to coordinating the two side’s positions are possible, up to concluding a mutual security treaty."

RIAC Working Paper “On the Qualitative Transformation of Russian-American Relations on Strategic Issues”

“On 16 November, 2013 it was 80 years since diplomatic relations were established between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. In terms of history, it is not much of an anniversary, but the past eight decades saw a lot of events: the US contribution to the industrialization of the USSR, and the military alliance between the two countries during World War II; their confrontation in the Cold War and the détente; acute crises of the 1990s and the subsequent “reset”. We have lived through hopes and disappointments, historical achievements and regrettable blunders, swift rises and unexpected falls.”

– Igor Ivanov, RIAC President

“The exchanges we had on international order and the insights on Russia’s trajectory gave me a sense that Russia is looking to engage cooperatively in the international community, and I was encouraged by the optimism.”

Henry Kissinger, former US Secretary of State



September 5-6 – G20 Summit in the Framework of Russia’s Presidency

"The G20 was split on Syria, with one half supporting Russia's stance and the other insisting on a military strike against Damascus. But on the whole, it was a foreign policy success, especially as it was a top-level forum,"

– Andrey Kortunov, RIAC Director General



September 28 – Chemical Weapons Crisis in Syria and Its Settlement

"We still have a lot to do to convene the (Geneva-2) conference, but there is every ground to believe that the conference will take place if all outside players show goodwill and sincere desire to assist peaceful settlement. We should set aside the expectations of certain external actors for the conference to fail or, even better, to fail to emerge, so that they could revive their appeals in favor of a military intervention, since there is allegedly no other way to stop the bloodshed."

– Sergey Lavrov, Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation, RIAC Members

"There are no grounds to expect that military action against Bashar Assad is going to be more effective and less destructive than the well-known operations in Yugoslavia and Iraq. The 30-month-long civil war has pushed Syria back for decades bringing incalculable losses and sufferings to the Syrian people, while the U.S. airstrikes will actually finalize the destruction of the country. After some time, Americans will call the operation in Syria a tragic mistake, with nobody to be found guilty as usual."

– Igor Ivanov, RIAC President



September 2013 – Russia Ranked Second in the World by the Number of Migrants

“In Russia, although many perceive migration as an exclusively domestic policy issue, today it has reached foreign policy levels. International relations have long gone beyond the framework of interstate relations and become a complex, multidimensional process.”

– Igor Ivanov, RIAC President

“I have a feeling that, since the last election, migration has evolved into a factor of political and electoral campaigning. Politicians have yielded to the temptation of looking for “scapegoats” among those who do not vote, who do not have a vote, saying: if elected mayor, I will banish all migrants, and throw out the gipsy camp too. Where they are to be expelled is of no concern for the politician, he is only interested in being elected mayor.”

Valery Tishkov, Director of Miklouho-Maclay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Full Member of the Russian Academy of Science; RIAC Member

“Country-level coordination councils of compatriots must become the gravity centres to be there to help in joy and in grief. There is an important role to be played in bringing together Russian communities abroad by the compatriot movement leaders who have been motivated by the need of their heart, sensitive to the issues of the Russian world in the countries where they live. They play a consolidating role in their respective communities, setting a sympathetic environment for the movement of compatriots. The consolidated and compassionate Russian community abroad also contributes to a positive international image of the Russian Federation, of the Russian world abroad.”

– Grigory Karasin, State Secretary, Deputy Minister for Foreign Relations of Russia; RIAC Member.

“Shortage of labour is only one aspect of the issues. The other is the steadily declining population of Russia. While the shortage of labour resources can be, hypothetically, remedied with an inflow of temporary labour migrants, depopulation can only counterbalanced by an inflow of immigrants to be resettled in Russia for good. Immigration is becoming a key element in helping to sustain the economic growth potential, preserve the stability in some of the regions, and ensure national security.”

– RIAC Working Paper



October 18 – UN Effectiveness Under question: Saudi Arabia Rejects Its Membership in the Security Council

“Obviously, the UN cannot cope alone. An interconnected network of regional institutions should “offer its shoulder” to the UN’s efforts in creating a new security regime. However, these institutions should offer help to the UN, not replace it.”

– Igor Ivanov, RIAC President

"Today, the UN requires reform as well. The current environment and the UN Security Council structure reflect the geopolitics of 1995. But the world has changed and the United Nations must reflect the new reality."

Kofi Annan



October 20 – Asia Comes to Russia

The key visits of 2013:

March 22 - Xi Jinping,

April 28 - Shinzō Abe,

October 20 - Manmohan Singh.

"I believe that with India’s full membership the SCO will acquire a very active and interested supporter of confidence-building measures in the region. The Asia-Pacific region is increasingly called the Indo-Pacific, thereby expanding the scope of activities of the countries of the region, especially in the areas of economic and political cooperation, as well as political and military security."

– Vyacheslav Trubnikov, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Russia and RIAC Member

"Russia and India have similar positions on building a new architecture of global relations. Built around the principle of a polycentric world structure, these positions theoretically create new opportunities for interaction between the two countries in a variety of global and regional formats."

RIAC Working Paper “Postulates on Russia-India Relations”

"Shinzo Abe is well aware that the efficiency of Japan's policy towards Russia will greatly depend on whether he and Russian president manage to establish a relationship of trust and mutual understanding. Hence, the Japanese side officially states that establishment of a solid base for personal relations of the two leaders is a key task of the visit."

Alexander Panov, Chief Research Fellow of RAS Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies, RIAC Member

"China is Russia's key partner in both bilateral interaction and international and regional affairs. We regard the current relationship as the most fruitful in history, as has been repeatedly mentioned by leaders of the two countries. The state visit of the PRC Chairman Xi Jinping has only confirmed high priority and top level of the bilateral relationship."

Andrey Denisov, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to China, RIAC Member


October 27 – Presidential Elections in Georgia

“On the whole, the bilateral relations will gradually get back to normal. The new government seems committed to pragmatism, which is likely to result in normalizing the relations with Moscow driven both by common sense and practical considerations.”

– Nana Gegelashvili, Head of the Center for Regional Studies at the Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies, RAS



November 6 – Customs Union Enlargement – Integration of Armenia

Armenia Signs Cooperation Memorandum with the Eurasian Economic Commission

 "Armenia seems to have no other choice than complementarity, because from an unbiased view its Eurasian integration also appears theoretical, bearing in mind its geopolitics and current situation. <…> As I see it, in its today's status, which is mostly isolation, Armenia can hardly become a full-fledged member of any integration project.

Armenia maintains diverse ties with Russia and other countries that will remain. But these are the ties at the contact and practical assistance level, rather than participation in any kind of integration initiatives" 

– Fyodor Lukyanov, Editor-in-Chief of Russia in Global Affairs magazine, Presidium Chairman of Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, RIAC Member



November 13 – “Asian Tigers” Are Getting Closer: Visa-Free Regime with South Korea

"The security issues on the Korean Peninsula are bound to have an impact on the Russia-ROK relations. Russia’s participation in Korean settlement should be constructive and objective."

"If interaction between Russia and the Republic of Korea is to
serve as an instrument to uphold Russia’s interests, Russian—
Korean (South Korea) relations have to develop within a paradigm
of strategic partnership and include coordinated action on political issues, combined with efforts to identify common approaches to key problems of world politics."

— RIAC Working Paper “Russia-Republic of Korea Relations: Revising the Bilateral Agenda”



November 24 – Iran’s New Face: Hassan Rouhani

"The landslide victory (Rouhani won more than 50 percent of vote) suggests that the new Iranian president has virtually obtained the public mandate for changes he was proclaiming during his campaign.”

– Igor Ivanov, RIAC President

“Under Ahmadinejad, foreign partners despaired of obtaining even a semblance of willingness to compromise from Teheran. That this kind of policy had exhausted itself also dawned on Iran’s supreme leadership: its spiritual leader and his immediate circles. The election of Hassan Rouhani offered a fortunate way out of the deadlock as the new president is believed to be moderate in all respects.”

Fyodor Lukianov, Editor-in Chief of the “Russia in Global Affairs” magazine; President of the Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy; RIAC Member



November 28 – Vilnius Summit: Ukraine Rejects to Sign Association Agreement with the EU

"More than two decades after the Cold War ended, Europe still stands divided. This has been proven in the last few days by the zero-sum logic being used to describe the situation of Ukraine, where the people apparently have to make a choice between a “European” and “Eurasian” future."

– Igor Ivanov, RIAC President

"What we need today is the top level discussion format within the Russia-Ukraine-EU triangle. Such format would by no means undermine Ukraine's sovereignty and would not provide Moscow with the right of veto toward Kiev's decisions. In absence of such a format, we are to incessantly roll back to the 20th-century geopolitics, to the traditional zero-sum game, and to recurrent crises and instability in the largest state of Central Europe."

Andrey Kortunov, RIAC Director General

"Ukraine will not join the Customs Union and will attempt by hook or by crook to return to the situation where it could again sit on the fence between the two giant neighbors. No matter how vexing Kiev's tricks are, eventually the Ukrainian government has made a justifiable rational decision."

Fyodor Lukyanov, Editor-in-Chief of Russia in Global Affairs magazine, Presidium Chairman of Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, RIAC Member



December 2-3 – International conference: “The Arctic – Region of Development and Cooperation

"The system of international cooperation in the Arctic can be described as a pyramid topped by the United Nations Organization and the totality of all general norms of international public law stipulated in appropriate treaties and agreements. Notably, the Arctic states have not been tempted to take unilateral action or operate beyond the international law framework. Regrettably, this is far from the case in other regions of the world."

– Igor Ivanov, RIAC President

"Russia finds it important to join the efforts of the Arctic states to create a single regional search and rescue system, as well as a system for prevention of manmade disasters and elimination of their consequences."

– Vladimir Nazarov, Deputy Secretary of Russia's Security Council

"The existing institutional framework for international cooperation in the region holds out the hope that mutual understanding and assistance will prevail, but this does not mean that Russia should be left unable to effectively defend its national interests in the North."

Arthur Chilingarov, Special Presidential Representative for International Cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic, RIAC Member

"The growing scale of Arctic economic expansion gives rise to valid concerns for protection of extremely fragile Arctic ecosystems already impacted by climate change. Existing and emerging issues of security acquire a new meaning, such as monitoring and control operations in Arctic marine regions; emergency response as well as search and rescue."

Igor Ivanov, RIAC President

January 11 – France’s Military Operation in Mali February 20 – Putin Signs the “Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and National Security up to 2020” March 5 – Hugo Chavez, leader of the Latin America’s Left Turns, Dies At 58 March 21 – RIAC international conference “Russia and the European Union: partnership and its potential” March 22 – RIAC Builds Greater Europe May 15– New Directions for the Russian Education: State Program “Education Development, 2013-2020” Adopted June 17-18 – G8 Summit June 30 – Egyptian coup d’état, Morsi’s Downfall September 5-6 – G20 Summit in the Framework of Russia’s Presidency September 28 – Chemical Weapons Crisis in Syria and Its Settlement October 27 – Presidential Elections in Georgia October 18 – UN Effectiveness Under question: Saudi Arabia Rejects Its Membership in the Security Council October 20 – Asia Comes to Russia November 13 – “Asian Tigers” Are Getting Closer: Visa-Free Regime with South Korea November 24 – Iran’s New Face: Hassan Rouhani November 28 – Vilnius Summit: Ukraine Rejects to Sign Association Agreement with the EU December 2-3 – International conference: “The Arctic – Region of Development and Cooperation March 2013 – Eurozone Crisis: the Cyprus Challenge March 15 – New Generation of Chinese Leaders: Xi Jinping elected President of the People's Republic of China May 28 – Protests Start on Taksim Square in Istanbul Demanding the Turkish Government to Resign August 2013 – Obama Cancels Meeting with Putin: Reset under Question? March 2013 – Agreement on the Biggest Russian Arms Supply to China in 10 Years
September 2013 – Russian-Belarusian Joint Military Exercises “The West 2013” September 2013 – Russia Ranked Second in the World by the Number of Migrants November 6 – Customs Union Enlargement – Integration of Armenia