... as majorities and the rest as minorities. Ever since the rise of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) specifically during 1990, 2014 and its second term during 2019, Hindutva as a political ideology is being manifested in Indian society referring as ‘Hindu nationalism.’ In this article, I attempt to explore the emergence of Hindu nationalism by illustrating the critical event which re-sparked the Hindutva ideology in contemporary history and subsequent consolidation of cultural, religious and political ...
- 20.04.2021 18:54:45
What makes the militia milieu so unique and important for understanding today’s Russia is that it finds itself at the intersection of state institutions, patronage mechanisms, criminal structures, and grassroots illiberal activism.
Abroad, the Kremlin plays through it one of its major “hybrid warfare” cards, outsourcing activities traditionally conducted by intelligence entities and allowing for plausible deniability. The militia realm thus seems destined to play a growing role in Russia’s law-enforcement...
- 08.10.2019 13:51:29