Search: World War II (35 materials)


A Colony Set Free by a War – India and the Second World War

The attitude of India and its population to the Second World War is substantially different to that which exists in Europe. There were no military battles on the Indian territory, the country’s existence was not put in doubt, but the war itself led to the proclamation of India’s independence. It is the last aspect which attracts the Indian public most. In this respect there is especial interest in the actions of the Indian National Army, which fought on Japan’s side. In September...


9 May for Turkey: Devoid of Significance

In the light of the geopolitical situation that has developed in relation to Russia’s foreign partners’ attitude to the country, the celebration of the 70th anniversary of victory in the Second World War will be a kind of litmus test both for Russia’s political elite and for the majority of the country’s citizens. The decision by a number of western leaders not to come to the events celebrating this anniversary has sparked a wave of indignation among the Russian public and...


What May 8 Means for Germany

Germans observe May 8 as their day of deliverance from the National Socialist dictatorship, commemorating the millions of victims fallen from one the world's bloodiest regimes that mechanized mass murder and was responsible for the banalization of evil, according to historian Eugen Kogon [1] . Russia and other countries liberated from German occupation perceive May 8 and 9 as a day of great victory in the ugliest war of the 20th century, which took over 27 million Soviet lives. So, what exactly...


May 8 in France: Day of Freedom and Peace

This is the official name of the holiday in France that celebrates victory in World War II. On May 8, 1945, Nazi Germany signed the act of surrender in the headquarters of Anglo-American Commander-in-Chief General Dwight Eisenhower in Reims. This date is celebrated in France as the day when World War II ended in Europe. It should ...


Russia and China for the First Time Celebrate the Victory Day Together

This year, Russia and China will for the first time jointly commemorate their victory against fascism, both countries regarding this day primarily as a tribute to the heroic generations of the Russians and the Chinese who shouldered the burdens of World War II and suffered the greatest losses. Joint events in Moscow and Beijing also testify to the cooperative endeavor made to defend the achievements of the Great Victory and oppose any attempts to distort the history of the war. The shared celebration ...


Historical Mirror-World or Victory Day in the Baltic States

... own “national” history. This process has become particularly expansive in the Baltic countries: even the history of the Great Patriotic War is being fundamentally revised. “Occupation” not liberation Rewriting the history of World War II (and, accordingly, of the Great Patriotic War) began in the Baltic states before the Soviet Union’s collapse, when Mikhail Gorbachev's Glasnost reforms were underway. First, the Popular Fronts across these republics proposed an entirely ...


Italian Renaissance: 70 Years without Fascism

In 2015, Italy celebrates the 70th anniversary of its liberation from the Nazi occupiers and fascists. In April 1946, at the suggestion of Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi, Lieutenant General of the Realm Prince Umberto signed a decree declaring April 25 a national holiday – the Liberation Day of Italy. On that particular day in 1945, Sandro Pertini, a guerilla and future President, called on the Milanese to begin a general strike against the occupiers and fascists, who after the fall of the Mussolini...


The Repentance Dilemma: Modern Japan and WWII

... also urges Japan’s leaders to say sorry and turn over a new leaf. On April 28, Abe came to Washington on an official visit to see President Obama and address Congress. Notably, former Prime Minister Kishi, Mr. Abe's grandfather, used to say that World War II was a sacrosanct experience and Japan had done nothing worth an apology. Quite a potent Japanese political school takes the view that all sides are to blame for the atrocities. Americans mass murdered the Japanese, A-bombed the country, and ...


Splitting the Victory

... Minister Grzegorz Schetyna on the RMF FM radio station, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Karasin said it was "a disgrace to Poland's diplomatic service" for the Polish Foreign Minister to insist on his interpretation of Russia's role in World War II and insinuate about the format for celebrating the 70th anniversary of the Victory Day by disputing the grounds for Moscow to serve as center for the festivities. To be more precise, Mr. Schetyna was commenting on the proposal that Polish ...


German Revanchism: Bridging the World Wars

The Treaty of Versailles set the stage for World War II Interview On June 28, 1914, the world was shattered by a shot that took the life of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and unleashed World War One. However, the assassination only provided a pretext for the future warring parties to take military ...


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