Search: WWII (34 materials)


9 May for Turkey: Devoid of Significance

In the light of the geopolitical situation that has developed in relation to Russia’s foreign partners’ attitude to the country, the celebration of the 70th anniversary of victory in the Second World War will be a kind of litmus test both for Russia’s political elite and for the majority of the country’s citizens. The decision by a number of western leaders not to come to the events celebrating this anniversary has sparked a wave of indignation among the Russian public and...


What May 8 Means for Germany

... is how today’s new German was created, and the perception of May in Germany should be viewed in this context. Today one may confidently assert that Germany has overcome its history, as revanchism remains for political outcasts and keen interest in WWII, especially in the Waffen SS and Wehrmacht, attracts close attention from law enforcement. Most Germans are ashamed of those 12 years and are working hard to prevent a repeat, viewing May 8 as a day to celebrate that they have prevailed over history ...


May 8 in France: Day of Freedom and Peace

This is the official name of the holiday in France that celebrates victory in World War II. On May 8, 1945, Nazi Germany signed the act of surrender in the headquarters of Anglo-American Commander-in-Chief General Dwight Eisenhower in Reims. This date is celebrated in France as the day when World War II ended in Europe. It should be noted that due to a demand by the Soviets, another ceremony for the German surrender was arranged in Berlin shortly before midnight on 8 May, during which Marshal Georgy...


Russia and China for the First Time Celebrate the Victory Day Together

... orphanage, sharing in the tribulations of those times with the Soviet people. Elderly people worked in factories, dug trenches and provided assistance to the wounded in hospitals. REUTERS/Toru Hanai/Pixstream The Repentance Dilemma: Modern Japan and WWII. Сomments by Alexander Panov, and Dmitry Streltsov. Recipients include the daughters of Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Qu Qiubai and Li Fuchun. Chinese veterans were also decorated with anniversary medals during the celebrations of the 50th and 60th Victory ...


Historical Mirror-World or Victory Day in the Baltic States

Since 1991, after gaining independence, each republic of the former Soviet Union has embarked on a path of creating its own “national” history. This process has become particularly expansive in the Baltic countries: even the history of the Great Patriotic War is being fundamentally revised. “Occupation” not liberation Rewriting the history of World War II (and, accordingly, of the Great Patriotic War) began in the Baltic states before the Soviet Union’s collapse, when...


Italian Renaissance: 70 Years without Fascism

In 2015, Italy celebrates the 70th anniversary of its liberation from the Nazi occupiers and fascists. In April 1946, at the suggestion of Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi, Lieutenant General of the Realm Prince Umberto signed a decree declaring April 25 a national holiday – the Liberation Day of Italy. On that particular day in 1945, Sandro Pertini, a guerilla and future President, called on the Milanese to begin a general strike against the occupiers and fascists, who after the fall of the Mussolini...


Fighting Without Weapons, Trading Without Profit… Shinzo Abe’s visit to the USA

... Now it is a time when the Americans need to actively demonstrate unity and mutual understanding with their Asian allies on issues of regional security and economic cooperation. REUTERS/Toru Hanai/Pixstream The Repentance Dilemma: Modern Japan and WWII. Comments by Alexander Panov and Dmitry Streltsov The USA is pursuing its own tactical objectives and once again emphasizing Japan’s subordinate role. While formally ramping up its belligerent and aggressive rhetoric and supposedly expanding ...


The Repentance Dilemma: Modern Japan and WWII

... Studies, Head of Diplomacy Chair at MGIMO-University and RIAC Member, and RIAC expert Dmitry Streltsov , Doctor of History, Head of Oriental Studies Chair at MGIMO-University. Alexander Panov : There is a lot of ambiguity in Japanese assessments of WWII, with their distinct division into two categories. One is related to Japan's campaign of aggression against China, Southeast Asian states and the United States, while the other deals with the Soviet Union. The Japanese have long been united in their ...


Splitting the Victory

... an interview on January 26 to Gazeta Wyborcza to hold the celebration on May 8 on Westerplatte Peninsula near Gdansk with the participation of EU countries. Since the German navy attack on the Polish garrison is considered as the starting point for WWII, Mr. Komorowski suggested holding the pan-European end-of-war event there as well. Mr. Schetyna considered this proposal "interesting" and, when asked about the Moscow celebrations, confessed that he did not understand "why everybody ...


German Revanchism: Bridging the World Wars

The Treaty of Versailles set the stage for World War II Interview On June 28, 1914, the world was shattered by a shot that took the life of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and unleashed World War One. However, the assassination only provided a pretext for the future warring parties to take military action, while the roots of the lasting conflict can be found in the fundamental conflicts between the great powers. On the eve of the centennial of WWI, we spoke with military historian Sergey Chernyavsky...


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