... Venezuelan leader Nicolas Maduro, who not so long ago was perceived in Washington solely as an international criminal.
As for the US-China stand-off, it is not clear what exactly Washington has prepared to counter Beijing’s growing economic activity in, say,... ... to take on the difficult role of the main protectors of global public goods, let alone to be the main architects of the new world order.
The Russian-Ukrainian conflict cannot be stopped without active American participation. For all the undoubted successes in the de-dollarization ...
... of the major power centers of the Collective West diverge? How likely is this unity to extend to subsequent engagement with China as a major strategic adversary? What are the prospects for a significant number of states in the Global South to join the ... ... a possible interdisciplinary discussion that could provide answers to these and other questions.
A New Western Cohesion and World Order
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... chaotically transitions from the former U.S.-led unipolar system to an emerging Multipolar World Order. Experts debate exactly when this process began, but many agree that its... ... Ukrainian Crisis from 2013-2014 that resulted in Crimea’s democratic reunification with Russia, former U.S. President Donald Trump’s election in 2016, the black swan event... ... concerns that this targeted Great Power would become disproportionately dependent on China in response since the People’s Republic was considered to be its only reliable...
Working Paper #66, 2022
Working Paper #66, 2022
The Russian-Ukrainian conflict will lead to long-term global socio-economic and political consequences in the foreseeable future. ... ... transformation—from relatively positive to extremely negative. The author formulated three potentially possible options for the current world order transformation, assessing the probability and consequences of the practical implementation each of them.
For the West, the battle for Ukraine has become the battle for Russia. The battle for Russia is only the first phase of the battle against China
For the West, Russia’s actions in Ukraine have revealed and confirmed the true face of Russia and its leadership. For much of the global East and South, the West’s policy from the mid-1990s right up to its gross overreaction to the situation ...
... comprehensive competition more responsibly, with an aim towards eventually clinching a “new détente” that would prospectively consist of a series of mutual compromises all across Eurasia;
India and Turkey continuing to “balance” between the U.S. and Russia so as to ensure their rise as great powers in an increasingly complex world order, which will in turn improve their strategic leverage vis-a-vis China and enable them to expand their envisioned “spheres of influence” more sustainably;
China continuing to formulate its grand strategy under the unofficial influence of the Mao-era “
Three Worlds Theory
” wherein the People’s Republic as ...
... coalitions of diverse stakeholders to make any tangible progress. Private-public partnerships should become common practices in various multilateral arrangements.
Andrey Kortunov, Zhao Huasheng:
The Coming Bipolarity and Its Implications: Views from China and Russia
In sum, if multilateral practices are to survive in years to come, they will survive in the format of ad hoc multilateralism or project-based multilateralism. Project-based multilateralism will become as common in the international relations as ...
... upon such issues as the growing tensions between China and the United States, similarities and differences of Moscow’s and Beijing’s international agendas, recent economic initiatives of the great powers (BRI, EAEU) and stressed the importance of Russia–China cooperation while addressing global transformation of power.
Ksenia Kuzmina, RIAC Program Manager, moderated the discussion.
Summary of the discussion
World order: structural trends
Some experts see the so-called new bipolarity as the axis of the future international system whereas others argue that regionalization is the key process, with the now forming regions being likely to further consolidate....
... all, despite all of the changes, China will still pursue the same goals in international affairs, such as anti-hegemony, anti-unilateralism, anti-neointerventionism, maintaining international strategic stability and establishing a more just and fair world order. Therefore, the goals of China and Russia in international politics will remain unchanged.
... area in which events are accelerating is the rivalry between the United States and China, which has prompted many to start talking about a “new bipolarity.” Are we... ... France, the United States poses a greater threat to their respective countries than Russia and (with the exception of Japan) China [
It is unclear exactly where the... ... bipolarity, and there are many reasons why. Let us outline a few of them. First, the world order that existed during the Cold War was relatively simple. Second, people are...