Topics // Events // Nagorno-Karabakh

09 march 2017

The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: At the Crossroads of Foreign Policy Interests

Sergey Markedonov PhD in History, Associate Professor, Department of Regional Studies and Foreign Policy, Russian State University for the Humanities, RIAC Expert


The conflict around Nagorno-Karabakh was one of the first of its kind in the former USSR. Over the past quarter of a century, it has transformed from an intercommunal and inter-republic conflict within a single state (the USSR) into a protracted confrontation between Armenia and Azerbaijan with the prospects for resolution being unclear. Russia (the successor to the USSR) has expressed an interest in settling this confrontation, as have neighbouring Turkey and Iran, and a number of external actors, namely the United States and the European Union.

27 february 2017

Armenia after 25 years of Independence: Maintaining Stability in an Unpredictable Neighborhood

Hovhannes Nikoghosyan PhD, Adjunct Lecturer, American University of Armenia


Like all other post-Soviet countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States, Armenia celebrated its 25th anniversary of independence in 2016, which is a fitting occasion to draw lessons from the first quarter of a century’s experience, and to look to the future — after lengthy Caucasian toasts have all been raised and drained. As it commonly happens, the course of development in the next few years will depend on a number of internal and external factors, and none of those are constant variables, neither can they be assessed and predicted with mathematical accuracy.

21 february 2017

The Post-Soviet Space in 2017

Yulia Nikitina PhD in Political Science, associate professor at the School of World Political Processes, research associate at the Center for Post-Soviet Studies, MGIMO University


In 2017, we are likely to see more skirmishes in Nagorno-Karabakh, since neither party learned the lessons from the escalation that took place last spring: information on the truce being periodically breached keeps coming in. Most likely, the conflict will not be resolved, but its escalation into a full-fledged war is unlikely either. As for the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), there is little chance of it changing its stance with regard to the situation, meaning that it will not intervene in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

05 december 2016

The Iskanders in Armenia: Restoration of a Balance or a New Round of the Arms Race?

Mikael Zolyan Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Yerevan State Linguistic University


A military parade rehearsal is always a big deal. Yet the media’s interest in a rehearsal that took place in Yerevan on September 16, 2016 was not caused by the fact that Armenia was about to celebrate the 25th anniversary of its independence. The Russian-made Iskander missiles were spotted in the streets of Yerevan that day. Armenia’s Iskanders have remained in the crosshairs of attention of journalists and analysts alike ever since.

15 august 2016

Vladimir Putin Meets with Serzh Sargsyan: Moscow Supports a Compromise

Sergey Markedonov PhD in History, Associate Professor, Department of Regional Studies and Foreign Policy, Russian State University for the Humanities, RIAC Expert


On August 10, 2016, Vladimir Putin and Serzh Sargsyan met in Moscow. Mr. Sargsyan’s working visit to Moscow should not be considered as an isolated event as it was a part of a series of important meetings: on August 8, 2016 in Baku, President Putin met with Presidents of Azerbaijan and Iran; on August 9, Mr. Putin met with R. Erdogan in St. Petersburg; it was their first meeting after the Russian fighter plane being shot down in Syria. Thus, these meetings signify the countries’ attempt to look at the Greater Caucasus both from its inner dynamics point of view and considering such background factors as Russian-Turkish relations, the economic situation, energy security, and the effect the Middle Eastern crisis has on the situation in the Caucasus.

27 july 2016

The Daredevils of Sasun

Mikael Zolyan Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Yerevan State Linguistic University


For a whole week now, Armenia has been in the midst of a political crisis triggered by the seizure of a police regiment building in the Yerevan district of Erebuni by a group of armed men calling themselves Sasna Tsrer early on the morning of July 17, 2016. Any misstep on the part of the authorities or their opponents would be enough for the situation to spiral out of control. Unless proper conclusions are drawn, the consequences could be dire not only for Armenia, but for the region as a whole.

22 june 2016

Azerbaijan and the Four Day War: Breaking the Karabakh Deadlock

Murad Gassanly PhD candidate at the School of Politics and International Relations, Cardiff University


More than two months have now passed since the worst outbreak of hostilities between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Nagorno Karabakh region in over 20 years. Despite widespread pessimism during the immediate aftermath of the fighting, the Four Day War brought renewed dynamism to the international mediation efforts. The flurry of diplomatic and political activity that followed it is in stark contrast to the previously moribund peace process.

13 june 2016

Ahead of the ‘Substantial’ Talks on Nagorno Karabakh in June

Hovhannes Nikoghosyan PhD, Adjunct Lecturer, American University of Armenia



The use of heavy weaponry against civilian targets until April 28-29 nullified the personal chemistry between negotiators and widened the gap between the sides to agree upon the Basic Principles consistently advertised by the mediators for a few years. The relations of Armenia, Nagorno Karabakh and Azerbaijan with their allies is something that affects the conflict dynamics and the pace of its resolution.

24 may 2016

Jaw-Jaw is Always Better than War-War

Mikael Zolyan Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Yerevan State Linguistic University


The Presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan met in Vienna on 16 May 2016 in the presence of the representatives of the countries that co-chair the Minsk OSCE Group, the Russian Foreign Affairs Minister Sergey Lavrov, the French Secretary of State for European Affairs Harlem Desir and the US Secretary of State John Kerry, the first meeting of the presidents in the wake of the events of 2-5 April 2016 in Nagorno-Karabakh known as “the four-day war”.

10 may 2016

The Four-Day War: the Status Quo Has Become Dangerously Explosive

Sergey Minasyan Doctor of Political Sciences, Deputy Director of the Caucasus Institute


On the night of April 1–2, 2016 Azerbaijan launched the most massive military attack since the signing of the tripartite ceasefire agreement in May 1994 by the parties involved in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. It is hard to say now what exactly prompted the military-political leadership of Azerbaijan to escalate the conflict. Most likely, it was brought about by a combination of a number of factors and causes, varying from financial and economic problems facing the country (a dramatic drop in oil prices has aggravated the domestic economic and socio-political situation in Azerbaijan) to the controversial regional context.

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