Africa // Analysis

17 march 2017

Keeping Peace in Africa in the 21st Century

Dmitry Borisov International Security expert, MA in International Affairs, Sciences Po Paris/MGIMO


In the past 25 years, Africa has made great strides towards development and peace, but conflict is still present in many places on the continent. For this reason, there has been an unprecedented surge in both the scale of peacekeeping and peacebuilding activities, as well as in the number of actors engaged in conflict resolution. Complex and challenging, the African security landscape presents the United Nations (UN), the African Union (AU), and the broader international community with numerous opportunities for trial, error, and experimentation.

21 september 2016

French-American Cooperation in Africa: Managing Insecurity?

Dmitry Borisov International Security expert, MA in International Affairs, Sciences Po Paris/MGIMO


One of the most recent trends in African affairs has been the growing security cooperation between France and the United States, termed by IFRI as “reinforced containment”. A logical response to the many security challenges on the continent, the French-US approach may be creating as many problems as it seeks to fix.

27 may 2016

The Gulf of Guinea, the Increase of Maritime Piracy Is a Wake-up Call to Chinese Economics

Giacomo Morabito CEO & Founder Mediterranean Affairs, Ph.D. student in Economics at the University of Messina (Italy)


On April 25, 2016, was held by the UN Security Council an open debate on the theme “Peace consolidation in West Africa: piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Guinea.” During the debate, the China’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Liu Jieyi stated that the Gulf of Guinea has fallen victim to frequent incidents of piracy and armed robbery at sea in recent years. He noted that the links between piracy, terrorist groups, armed groups, and criminal networks have posed “serious threats” to the safety of navigation as well as to regional peace and security.

15 march 2016

Africa: the Pearl of the U.S. Energy Strategy

Anna Tikhonova Mphil in International Energy, L'Institut d'etudes politiques de Paris Sciences Po


Today the African region is being targeted through the policy of economic statecraft from both the West and the East, i.e. by the USA and European member states as well as China, respectively. Chinese neo-colonial strategy is mainly driven by profit-maximization principle, while the US wants to promote regional stability in order to foster economic cooperation with newly established political allies.


09 december 2015

The Invisible Front of Islamic Terrorism

Sergey Veselovsky PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor at World Politics Department, MGIMO University, RIAC expert


The terrorist attacks in Paris on November 13, 2015 gave a new impetus to the international fight against Islamic terrorism. However, the initial optimism and hopes that a single broad coalition against Islamic State would be formed have not come true. Even the French President François Hollande, who staked his reputation and his chances of being elected for a second term on the fight against terror, failed to persuade the Russian and U.S. presidents to start a joint campaign against Islamic State because of their differences over the future of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

01 december 2015

The Dragon in Djibouti: the Shifting Tides of China’s Strategy

Dmitry Borisov International Security expert, MA in International Affairs, Sciences Po Paris/MGIMO


A small East African nation of 876,000 people, of negligible resource wealth, and little to no political drama, Djibouti is rare to grab headlines. On November 26th 2015, however, when the People’s Republic of China (PRC) announced that its first oversees military installation would be in Djibouti, the country was suddenly launched to the forefront of international politics.

31 july 2015

Africa: Obama’s Last Chance

Anastasia Tolstukhina Diplomatic Academy, RIAC Expert


During Barack Obama’s first presidential term, Africa was not among the U.S. foreign policy priorities. In spite of his African roots, America’s first black president, contrary to expectations, focused attention not on Africa but on tackling such problems as the U.S. economy, Iraq, Afghanistan and so on. Yet, during his second term, Obama has tried to strengthen Washington’s engagement with African affairs and to put Africa back on the U.S. foreign policy agenda.

07 july 2015

Africa – BRICS common ground

Tatiana Deich PhD in History, Leading Researcher at RAS Institute for African Studies

Vyacheslav Usov Ph.D. (History), Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences


BRICS has become widely known across the world. The abbreviation signifies a group of leading regional states seeking to work together to put an end to the monopoly of the West in institutions of global governance. The addition of South Africa has made the bloc even more representative of the union of non-Western powers. However, the role of Africa for BRICS – and the role of BRICS for Africa – is undervalued.

28 may 2015

Civil War Back on Burundi’s Doorstep

Evgeny Korendyasov PhD, Head of Center for Russian-African Relations Studies at RAS Institute for African Studies


After proclaiming independence in 1962, Burundi has survived four coups, seen six presidents violently removed, and experienced several bloody domestic conflicts that almost developed into full-scale genocidal wars. The current outbreak has been caused by the < decision of President Nkurunziza, a Hutu figure, to run for third term in spite of the constitutional ban. Burundi is hardly progressive as far as regime change via fair and general elections is concerned because democracy runs against the old-age African traditions that provide tribal chiefs with lifetime sacral status in the society.

22 may 2015

Africa in World War II: The Path to Liberation

Olga Kulkova Ph.D. and Senior Researcher at the Africa Institute, RAS


Africa was affected by both world wars. The African continent, which seemed so far away from the European political conflicts, was compelled to take a very active role in both wars. However, the contribution made by Africans to the victory over fascism remains largely underappreciated.

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