World in 100 years // Analysis

13 march 2017

Russia and the World: The Agenda for the Next 100 Years

Ivan Timofeev PhD in Political Science, Director of Programs at Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC), RIAC Member, Head of "Contemporary State" program at Valdai Discussion Club


Humanity is still aiming towards a future utopia, an ideal world in which the problems of resource requirements have been solved, conflicts have been eliminated, equality among people has been attained and the environment is clean. In an incredibly technologized society, we continue to dream of “paradise”. Today, we are witnessing a clash of two different concepts of “paradise” — the rationalist and the religious. We have reached a stage of human development where progress has ceased to be a universal value and the ideology of the Enlightenment is in crisis. “Paradise” remains excruciatingly out of reach.

30 december 2016

Lord Commander. From "On the eve of 2037" series

Vladimir Kanareykin Host of the Internet Series “In the Cage”


RIAC continues the series of original pieces on the future of Russia's foreign policy. In his second article Vladimir Kanareykin reflects on the unfortunate interview with Russia's Minister of Foreign Affairs in 2037, ponders on cyborg's rights, women's influence on international relations and miraculous changes in European migration map.

23 december 2016

Her Excellency. From "On the eve of 2037" series

Vladimir Kanareykin Host of the Internet Series “In the Cage”


Each December leading think-tanks and serious media outlets publish reports predicting short-term political and economic trends' development. RIAC's forecast is going to be published a little bit later. Still, now RIAC has got his hands on two original pieces that lift the veil on Russia's foreign policy 20 years from now. Read the interview with Natalya Nenarokova, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, in our first piece.

04 february 2016

China 100 Years Down the Line: Before and After the War of Asia

Artyom Lukin PhD in Political Science, Assistant Professor at the Department of International Relations of the Eastern University – School of Regional and International Studies of the Far Eastern Federal University

Andrey Gubin PhD in Political Science, Director of Scientific Programs of the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies at Regional Centre for Asia-Pacific Studies, Assistant Professor at the International Relations Department of Far Eastern Federal University, RIAC Expert


What will “post-war” China look like at the turn of the 22nd century? We can with a certain amount of confidence say that the “Celestial Empire” will retain its place on the global political map, unlike many states that exist today but will sink into oblivion. The postmodern era will finally be ushered in. But it will be a specifically Chinese style of postmodernism, one that may be far removed from its western antecedents.

03 december 2015

Pessimism of Reason and Optimism of Will. The Arab World the Day After Tomorrow

Vasily Kuznetsov PhD in History, Director, Center for Arab and Islamic Studies, Institute of Oriental Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences, RIAC expert


If tomorrow and the following year turn out to be different, if the situation in Syria and Iraq is not normalized, if no serious efforts are made to stop the violence and strengthen statehood in Libya, if the national dialogue in Yemen is not resumed; in short, if things remain as they are today and the wars in these countries drag on, then regional transformation will extend over at least another ten years.

11 november 2015

Conserve and Rule: Conservatism in the 22nd Century

Daniil Parenkov Lecturer at the School of Political Science, MGIMO University


In the longer term, conservatism may play a role – especially in Europe – as an answer to the challenges posed by immigration, the identity crisis and uncontrolled development of technologies. If communists in present-day Russia are often referred to as conservatives, what prevents European conservatives of the future from becoming the champions of tolerance, same-sex marriages and secularity? In any case, in the accelerating pace of life the conservatives stand the best chance of finding effective “spiritual bonds”.

03 september 2015

Military Aviation 100 Years from Now

Vassily Lata Doctor of War Science, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of War Sciences


Military aviation, unlike conventional arms — one of the oldest means of destroying an enemy’s bases, weaponry, military equipment and manpower — is a relatively new method of warfare. It was developed in the early 20th century, reaching its peak in the period from the 1950s to the 1990s. The evolution of military aviation these days consists mainly of updating existing fleets. We are unlikely to see any breakthrough technologies in this field in the next 50 to 60 years.

23 october 2014

Cyberpunk Coming True

Ivan Lapshin PhD in Philosophy, Expert in Latin languages


In recent decades, individuals, society and the world as a whole have been changing at breakneck speed, necessitating scientific approaches to predicting future developments. However, science-based prediction is a relatively young discipline, while authors of fiction – and especially science fiction – have been attempting to model societal and technological changes for centuries. One particularly interesting trend is cyberpunk, a science fiction sub-genre that developed over the final quarter of the 20th century merging scientific prediction elements present in many preceding literary genres with a projected technologic and social future, which is rapidly becoming a reality.

11 august 2014

The Future of the World's Forests

Olga Ulybina PhD, Post-doctoral Research Fellow WZB Berlin Social Science Center, Research Fellow Cambridge Central Asia Forum


The ongoing degradation of world’s forests is currently a second-largest reason for growing global greenhouse gas emissions. This destruction is being driven by increased demand for forestry products and poor law enforcement. So far the world has not come up with any effective mechanisms for reversing this trend. Existing international agreements and plans aimed at protecting forests have had little impact. The world is looking to market mechanisms to encourage businesses and other users of forest resources to finance forest preservation. However, the future of world forests will fundamentally depend on the national policies of a few countries, including Russia.

13 january 2014

A Lethal Threat

Sergey Veselovsky PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor at World Politics Department, MGIMO University, RIAC expert


In the 2000s, fighting global terrorism has become a key area for international cooperation. Although the achievements of international world community in this area are tangible, the threat still looms over both individual nation-states and the entire international system. Moreover, in the next 100 years, the menace of terrorism is likely to increase scope and level of violence.

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