Arctic // Analysis

07 december 2016

The Northern Sea Route: National Regime in the Changing International Context

Julia Bobrova Ph.D. in Law, Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation

  3

Both the Arctic states and other members of the global community are becoming increasingly interested in the Arctic. The issues of developing the Northern Sea Route (NSR) and the legal regulation of navigation in its waters are pending both for the Russian interests and in the international context, especially since the International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code) comes into force on 1 January 2017.

03 november 2016

Russia and the US in the Arctic: Cooperate to Survive

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On October 12-13, 2016, RIAC held the “International Cooperation in the Arctic: New Challenges and Vectors of Development” conference organized under the auspices of the Government of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Paul Berkman, Professor of Practice in Science Diplomacy (Tufts University), David Benton, Commissioner on the United States Arctic Research Commission and Scott Highleyman, Director of International Arctic Program (The PEW Charitable Trusts) shared their views on the Arctic possibly becoming a new area of confrontation and the most promising spheres of cooperation in the region.

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12 october 2016

Asian Players in the Arctic: Interests, Opportunities, Prospects

  4

The Arctic’s growing geopolitical and geoeconomic significance against the background of global climate change determines the interest of non-Arctic players to the region. In 2013 India, China, Republic of Korea, Japan and Singapore became observers to the Arctic Council. The Report examines non-regional actors’ interests in the Arctic, their policy frameworks in the region and principal areas of Arctic studies. Authors also explore the Asian states’ positions on the international status of the Arctic.

11 october 2016

Russia and the US in the Arctic

Andrey Zagorsky RIAC member, Department Head at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  5

Over the last years relations between Russia and the US have significantly deteriorated in the majority of cooperation areas. However, Russia-US interaction in the Arctic remains largely shielded from the general climate of mistrust. The Working Paper focuses on the US and Russia’s interests, challenges and opportunities for maintaining and consolidating a cooperative relationship in the Arctic and seeks to identify particular issues that could and should be pursued in the near-term (next three years) and mid-term (next five years) taking into account the results of the US Chairmanship of the Arctic Council.

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10 october 2016

Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Development: Current Situation and Prospects

Ivan Panichkin Lecturer, Department of Legal Regulation of Fuel and Energy at the International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy, MGIMO University, RIAC Expert

  7

The decline in global oil prices that began in the summer of 2014 carries with it a number of risks in assembling a whole range of major oil and gas projects, including shale gas extraction projects, deep-water offshore projects and projects in the Arctic shelf. By 2040 energy demand will be 40–60 per cent greater than in 2010. Oil will continue to play a leading role in the global energy balance. Offshore oil and gas resources in the Arctic could, in the medium and long term, play significant role both in maintaining current oil and gas production levels and in ensuring growth in the future.

22 september 2016

France’s New Role in the Arctic

Maria Lagutina Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor at the Global Politics Department of St. Petersburg State University

  13

In June 2016, France adopted its National Arctic Exploration Programme, which sets out the country’s basic interests in the region and delineates the principal trends and priorities of its Arctic policies in the coming years. In its programme, France defines itself as a polar state and a leading actor in the Arctic, staking its claim to a more active role in the Arctic affairs in the near future. Yet, given the current conditions of Arctic cooperation, will France succeed in fully implementing its strategic goals and tasks? The question remains open.

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24 november 2015

To Explore and Develop

Ivan Panichkin Lecturer, Department of Legal Regulation of Fuel and Energy at the International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy, MGIMO University, RIAC Expert

  17

The continental shelf plays an important role in sustaining global oil and gas production. Over the past ten years, more than two-thirds of the world’s hydrocarbon reserves have been discovered on the continental shelf. All the Arctic states have passed legislation securing the strategic importance of the area, primarily in terms of hydrocarbon reserves. That being said, the Arctic states have barely even begun to explore and develop these resources. Shifting international tensions to the Arctic, and refusing to lift the sanctions, may force the Russian Federation to look at attracting other states to cooperate in the region, primarily those from Asia.

08 october 2015

Conflicting Interests in Regulating Navigation in the Bering Strait

Pavel Gudev PhD in History, Senior Research Fellow at RAS IMEMO Sector for US Foreign and Domestic Policy, RIAC expert

  9

The growing interest of states in developing and exploitation of the Arctic Ocean spaces and resources raises the question of the extent to which Arctic countries are ready to take steps to introduce uniform standards of navigation in Arctic waters for commercial as well as government vessels.

04 august 2015

Alaska. A Golden Fleece for the U.S. Establishment

Valery Konyshev Doctor of Political Science, professor at Saint Petersburg state university, RIAC expert

Alexandr Sergunin Doctor of Political Science, professor at Saint Petersburg state university, RIAC expert

  2

With Alaska and adjacent seas increasingly attracting everybody's attention because of their vast resources, many wonder how Washington will combine their development with preserving Alaska's unique social and ecological system – two priorities that have little in common.

27 july 2015

The Russian Arctic: Potential for International Cooperation

Alexander Pilyasov Dr. of Geography, Professor of Economics, Head of the Center for Northern and Arctic Economies

Alexander Kotov Ph.D. in Economics, Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for the Arctic and Northern economies under the Council for the Study of Productive Forces (SOPS), Associate Professor of Philosophy, Economics and Social Sciences Department of the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, Expert of RIAC

  3

The report continues work held in line with the “Roadmap for International Cooperation in the Arctic” project organized by the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC). The report looks into the network of circumpolar territories including new industrial regions on the Arctic continental shelf, analyses key goals of educational cooperation and identifies opportunities for international collaboration among small and medium-sized businesses in the Arctic. Authors present their vision for strategic governance in the Russian Arctic and inter-municipal cooperation in the coastal zone of the Russian Federation.

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