Tag «Germany»

22 november
Ajmal Sohail

Angela Merkel, do not harm Afghans

The Afghan political and security situations, especially in the northern Afghanistan, is dramatically deteriorated when ISIS started exodus from eastern parts of Afghanistan to the northern components of the country, recently Taliban, Haqqani Network, Al-Qaida and ISIS have doubled their combined offensive attacks and gaining more territories and Kabul regime and its international allies losing grounds day by day and the peace talks have had no satisfactory domino effects.

12 september
Russian Council

Russia’s Turnover with its Leading Partner in Europe is $44.6 Billion. How to Reach Out to Berlin via Warsaw and Prague

In 2015, bilateral trade between Poland and Germany reached $100 billion. Poland became Germany’s seventh-largest trade partner, with Russia sitting in 13th. The structure of trade relations between Berlin and Warsaw is much more complex and diverse than that of Berlin and Moscow. Trade between Germany and the Czech Republic reached $85 billion last year, i.e. the Czech Republic was worth twice as much to Germany as Russia.

30 november
Enia Bearzotti

Considerations on the role of the ‘Other’ in foreign policy – the cases of Germany, Poland and Lithuania vis-à-vis Russia

Recently I have bumped into a very interesting article by Marco Siddi dealing with the concept of identity building in international relations, an important branch of constructivist research theory. More specifically, the paper tried to give an explanation of why Germany, Lithuania and Poland have developed determinate national identities, and consequent policies, as a result of a process of confrontation with the image of an ‘other’, in this case Russia. The author debates that, even though all three countries had had traumatic experiences with Russia in the past, this fact has not prevented all of them from developing over the years good bilateral relations with Moscow. Although interesting lessons can be learnt from this research, I do not completely agree with the author’s premises.

28 september
Russian Council

European Economic History, the Debt Crisis and its Future Global Prospects

Author: David Shternberg.


A united fiscal policy would mean a central fiscal union on top of the monetary union - whereby countries in the Euro area would surrender sovereignty to a higher, elected power. This would mean turning Europe into the United States of Europe. A fiscal union would be able to cut government spending, how much each government would be able to borrow, and lend. It would control the economy in a way as to not risk the stability of the Euro for the benefits of one nation. Practically, its socialism on an international level - which is precisely why it’s such an unpopular opinion.

15 july
Spencer Vuksic

EU Impaired by Greek Deal

The European Union shows little chance of meeting its original intent in the current format for integration. The Greek debt crisis shows the real financial interests of member states on both sides of the negotiations while Greece’s near exit last weekend demystifies the topic. Without structural changes in the EU’s political union and decision-making process, the integration project will fail to appeal to its own public while it rapidly loses appeal abroad.

18 june
Russian Council

Greece and the European Union Caught in a Game of Chicken

Greece’s relations with the European Union are a game of chicken, or brinkmanship as it is referred to in the international relations, where both Greece and the European Union know they cannot live without the other but are increasingly uncertain as to whether they want to.


Author: Assoc. Prof. Dimitrios Triantaphyllou, Director, Center for International and European Studies Kadir Has University, Istanbul

16 april
Russian Council

Ukraine Leverages Turmoil in Central Europe

Authors: Alexander Th. Drivas, Michalis Diakantonis, International Relations Institute of Athens


In this short article, we analyze a fictional scenario about the evolution of the Ukrainian issue that includes brinkmanship policies among different states. According to this case, Germany and Russia could not afford a type of frozen conflict because both of them face the Ukrainian issue as a zero-sum game. The lack of nuclear weaponry balance opens a window of opportunity for Russia to project the ultimate threat of violence towards Germany. However, there are a lot of variables that drive this conflict into a brinkmanship situation between Russia and Germany.

11 february
Ernesto Gallo, Giovanni Biava

Mister Draghi, the politician

Who is the most powerful Italian in the world? According to Forbes, in 2014 it was Mario Draghi, whom the American magazine ranked the 8th most powerful person in the world. Draghi is the President of the European Central Bank (ECB), but, despite his ‘technical’ job, is playing a much more important and broader role and is arguably the top politician in the EU institutions. On 22 January, he unveiled a massive programme of Quantitative Easing (QE) for the Eurozone: a stimulus of up to 1.1 trillion € until September 2016 to fight deflation and revive the moribund EU economy. It is a bold, if late, political move. What will Germany think?

20 december
Olga R. Gulina

The Future of the Eurasian Union: Views of the EU Experts

The Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) invited experts for a discussion “Opportunities and Challenges Within the Space of Eurasian Economic Integration” on December 4, 2014. Several important topics in the discussion among EAEC and EU experts.

17 november
Daniel Djouder

Germany, Europe and Russia: Walls Instead of Bridges

The 25th anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall was hailed with cheerful celebrations in the German capital. Many world leaders sent the usual messages of satisfaction and hope, including Pope Francis's perhaps sloganistic intimation that “We need bridges, not walls!”. Nevertheless after a quarter-century the political balance of the situation unveils, unsurprisingly, that there might not be anymore physical walls marking the ideal division of the countries in the continent, but undoubtedly a palpable invisible barrier is still present. In this article I will delve into the role played by Germany, currently the most influential country of the EU, in the international crisis with the Russian Federation, trying to outline a picture of the current issue.