Year of accession Since 1971.
Under the United Nations General Assembly Resolution
2758 "Restoration of the lawful rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations" of 1971, China was admitted to the United Nations and became a permanent member of the UN Security Council. It inherited the status from its predecessor, the Republic of China (ROC), which currently controls Taiwan and the adjacent islands. Size of contributions to the UN 5,148%.
Under the resolution
adopted by the 67th
session of the General Assembly on 24 December 2012 "Scale of assessments for the apportionment of the expenses of the United Nations for 2013–2015," China's contribution to the regular budget of the United Nations amounts to 5.148%. China is therefore the sixth largest contributor to the regular budget of the United Nations.
Participation in peacekeeping operations
6.64% of the budget of the UN peacekeeping operations
. Sixth-largest contributor. When it comes to China's contributions to the UN peacekeeping operations, it amounts to 6.64%
, under the resolution adopted by the 67th
session of the General Assembly on 24 December 2012 "Scale of assessments for the apportionment of the expenses of the United Nations peacekeeping operations for 2013–2015." China currently ranks sixth among the member states by the amount of its contribution. Veto right
Ever since the PRC became a permanent member of the UN Security Council in 1971, it exercised its veto right nine times
. The ROC exercised this right only once in the period from 1945 to 1971, in 1955, when it voted against the admission of the Mongolian People's Republic. Role of the UN as an international relations institution. Role of the UN as the venue for effective conflict resolution
Official China emphasises the importance of the United Nations
, pledges to firmly support the UN, considers it the world's most representative and authoritative intergovernmental international organisation, the most significant platform for multilateral diplomacy
, which has made a major contribution to the maintenance of peace on the planet and facilitation of cooperation in peace. The Chinese authorities note that as a permanent member of the UN security Council and the world's large developing nation, China has heavy responsibilities to assume and has the capability to assume them. Beijing actively initiates, supports and adheres to multilateralism, permanently protects the main rights and principles of the UN Charter, authority and role of the Organization, pays close attention and conscientiously implements the UN millennium development goals. It is emphasised that China intends to continue to actively participate in UN initiatives while stepping up the level of bilateral engagement. Voicing the position of mutual prosperity, support for peace and development, China substantiates the message that the two sides need each other. Further participation in the UN activities
China's further involvement in the UN activities is fully in line with its foreign policy priorities: promotion of the vision of China as a strong global player, full-scale participant in international relations, development of its image as a sort of leader for developing nations, protector of weaker and smaller states, and ambitions to leadership in Eastern Asia and the Asia-Pacific Region.
China's current status in the United Nations has a triple nature — it is a permanent member of the UN Security Council (the only permanent member in Asia); a superpower that has sufficient military and political potential to influence the entire system of international relations; and an original member of the UN, i.e. a signatory to the UN Charter in San Francisco on 26 June 1945. This enables China to use the United Nations as a platform to demonstrate its aspiration for peace and stability, increased role in ensuring regional and international security, military build-up, and "soft power" policy.
In 1988, China became a member of the UN Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations, which became the starting point for its engagement in UN peacekeeping endeavor. In 2001, the Peacekeeping Office was established at the Ministry of National Defense of the PRC, which was made responsible for the control of contingents of the People's Liberation Army engaged in the UN peacekeeping operations, training of personnel, and exchange of experience. The first ever peacekeeping operation involving Chinese specialists was held in 1990. Since then China has provided a total of 23,461 peacekeepers (as of June 2015), more
than any other permanent member of the UN Security Council.
China has stepped up its involvement in the UN peacekeeping operations as soon as the so-called fourth generation of leaders came to power, associated with President Hu Jintao (2003–2013
), who put forth the foreign policy doctrine of "China's peaceful rise" in 2003, which was eventually replaced by the "soft power" policy concept. Since that time, the number of peacekeepers provided by China has consistently increased, exceeding 2,000 personnel almost every year (as of June 2015, a new record high of 3,082
people was reached).UN reform China does support the idea, but refrains from action
. At present China supports the idea of reforming the United Nations and its core institutions. However, it refrains from action, calls against stepping up reform-related activities and artificial timeframes, citing the need for the broadest possible consensus concerning the new permanent members of the UN Security Council. Official Beijing avoids making specific proposals and shows propensity for emotional deliberation
that international order should correspond to the spirit of the age, multipolarity and globalisation, that the interests of developing countries need to be asserted, as they make up the absolute majority of the UN member states, and their representation at the Security Council should be promoted. Beijing thus seeks to minimise the likelihood of unfavorable scenarios associated with the possible admission of the three real contenders — Japan, Germany, and India (or any other major third world country). In this case, China will lose its unique status of the only Asian nation represented in the Security Council as its permanent member and cede the mentioned benefits resulting from its triple status. Further, the possible changes in the Security Council may bring about "dispersal of power," when the "weight" of some countries in the Council dramatically reduces (given the admission of new members), which will lead to alterations in every country's status internationally. Another sensitive issue associated with the UN reform is the revision of its Charter. If the notion of the "UN member state" should be expanded, new legal grounds will emerge to encourage Taiwan to seek membership in the United Nations
. This is fundamentally disadvantageous for Beijing because of its official position on the "existence of a single China and Taiwan as its integral part."Back to country selection